The biggest single mistake that those who are new to fishkeeping make is to assume that you can buy a box of flakes or pellets and feed your goldfish those flakes on a daily basis indefinitely. The very likely result will be unhealthy fish that pass away much younger than should be expected as a result of developing diseases such as Swim Bladder Disease, fish need a varied diet just like human beings or any other living creature. You should also be very wary of overfeeding them, the toxins created by uneaten food can be very harmful to your fish and the residue can put a great deal of strain on your tank filter.
How & What To Feed Goldfish
Got a goldfish? Want to know what you should be feeding him? This article tells you what and how to feed your new little friend.
A Goldfish needs a variety of foods simply because they contain a variety of different levels of vitamins, carbohydrates, and proteins. Goldfish need these things for the exact same reasons that we do, such as proteins for muscle development and energy. Often fish develop illnesses or diseases as a result of being deprived of a vital vitamin or nutrient, and the solution is to simply ensure that you develop a healthy and varied diet from the offset and maintain the diet for the duration of the life of your Goldfish. On this page I have devised what I believe to be a healthy diet for Goldfish, on the basis of the nutritional values of these foods. If you do not have the time or confidence to devise your own diet, then this is a safe low cost option for any coldwater aquarium.
Flakes or pellets will without a doubt form a large part of the diet of most Goldfish, but many do not know exactly what they are buying. Are you sure that the flakes you are using meet the nutritional requirements for a healthy life? TetraFin flakes contain the required level of vitamins and nutrients for all coldwater fish and contain Omega-3 fatty acids to give your fish the healthy fats that they need to maintain high levels of energy and to grow, whilst these flakes are proven to boost the immune system of fish to ensure that they are well placed to fight infections and disease. These flakes are also easily digested to help ensure, in a varied diet, that they do not cause dangerous fish constipation. A constipated fish could find themselves suffering from severe swim bladder conditions. While the right flakes can form an essential part of the diet for your fish, in fact the primary ingredient, they should still be used alongside alternative food types.
A great alternative source of nutrients is aquatic plants. Placing numerous aquatic plants in your aquarium will ensure that your Goldfish always have food if they are hungry or you forget to feed them. Other vegetation can be thrown into tanks too, such as small pieces of iceberg lettuce or romaine lettuce, although you should not put large amounts in the tank and should not allow leaves to decompose in the tank.
Live Foods / Once Live Foods
Goldfish absolutely love live foods, although they can be difficult to obtain. It is however easy to obtain frozen or dried foods, in other words 'once live' foods, and these can provide invaluable natural proteins and nutrients for your little friends. Brine Shrimps, Bloodworms, Earthworms, Black Mosquito Larvae, and Tubifex Worms are amongst the most popular. Offering these 'live' foods in some shape or form is essential, the dried version is fine however and often available at a great price. I would recommend feeding your fish Tetrafin five times a week and freeze dried 'live' foods on the other two days, whilst ensuring that you have plenty of living fauna throughout the tank.