Marley was fortunate in that he did not record extensively before he became well-known, and did not leave behind much unreleased material, so that most of his recorded legacy is professionally produced, easily available, and highly consistent in overall quality.
1. The Wailing Wailers is the first album by The Wailers, released only in Jamaica, on the Studio One label. Originally put out in late 1965, it has been re-released over the years with various remixes and changes. Notable for it obvious attempt at different genres of pop, it is not representative of Marley's later work.
2. Soul Rebel is the first album by The Wailers that was released outside of the island, in 1970. Produced by Lee Perry, the record is much loved by reggae aficionados who value the sparse and ragged sound of the album.
3. Soul Revolution was the second and final album recorded with Lee Perry, and co-produced by Marley. Released in 1971, it has a similar sound and reputation to the first Lee Perry production.Both Perry albums contain songs that would later be re-recorded.
4. Catch A Fire was the first Wailers album on the international Island Records label, and it was the record that really started Marley on his way to superstardom. Recorded in Jamaica, it was remixed and overdubbed to soften the ragged feel for broader audience, but it has since been released in the original version. It is regarded as one of the greatest reggae albums of all time.
5. Burnin' came out in the 1973 music scene, and was the final recording with Tosh and Livingston in the band. Another highly regarded record, it featured reworked versions of several older songs, and the anthemic Get Up, Stand Up.
6. Natty Dread was the first album attributed to Bob Marley and the Wailers, released in 1974. Bunny Wailer and Peter Tosh left the band to pursue solo careers, so Marley was the only singer and the primary songwriter. It also marked the debut of the I-Threes, female backup singers (Rita Marley was one of the 3).
7. Rastaman Vibration came out in 1976, and was Marley's biggest-selling album on Billboard's charts. Many of the songs were credited to other writers due to his being involved in a publishing dispute, but he actually wrote most of them. Another of the best reggae records of all time, and the last of the core 5 albums.
8. Exodus was recorded in England after the unsuccessful assassination attempt on Marley in 1976, and released in 1977. Critically acclaimed as the record that made him an international star, it contains many of his most popular songs.
9. Kaya was recorded during the Exodus sessions, but the songs were different in tone. With subjects mostly centered on love and ganja, it is considered a softening of Marley's formerly more militant and political tone, and came out in 1978.
10. Survival, a 1979 release, may have been a response to the criticism of Kaya, or it may just have been a logical progression for Marley. The militant themes revolve around expatriation to Africa, but the songs were relatively weak.
11. Uprising continued the militant themes of the previous record, and was similarly poorly received by critics and fans alike, but it did contain the instant classic and perennial favorite, Redemption Song. Unfortunately, it was the final record released during Marley's lifetime, in 1980.
12. Confrontation was the first and only studio-recorded posthumous album, released in 1983. It is famous for the song Buffalo Soldier, but not much else of quality.
These are his legacy and are all of the studio albums recorded, named and released with Marley's approval and involvement (Confrontation was planned before he died). Two live recordingswere made availablewhile Marley was alive, and several have appeared posthumously as well.