Dyslexia is a disorder that affects a child's ability to read or write. some dyslexics show less electrical activation in parts of the left hemisphere of brain that is involved in reading. Research has proved gene-environment interactions to be involved in this reading disability. In surface dyslexia, words whose pronunciations are "regular", (as for example "mint")are read more accurately than words with an "irregular" pronunciation (such as "colonel"). In phonological dyslexia, the sufferer can read familiar words, but has difficulty reading new words. Pure dyslexia is due to difficulty in recognizing written sequence of letters. It is not accompanied by other language related problems. In neglect dyslexia, some letters are neglected during reading, most of the while it is the letters at the beginning or on left side of words.
Dyslexia - A Learning Disorder
Dyslexia is a learning disability that adversely affects reading, writing, spelling and sometimes, motor skills.
Dyslexia adversely affects reading and writing skills of a child
Dyslexia - a learning disability
Signs Of Dyslexia
Various signs of dyslexia seen in children include the following :
- Confusion between letters that look similar, but are reversals of each other, as for example "d" and "b", or "u" can be confused for "n".
- Reversing the words when reading them, such as "rat" for "tar", or "won" for "now".
- Tendency to transpose words, as for example "left"-"felt".
- Tendency towards elisions, like reading "cat" for "cart".
- Reading a word correctly at one place, and then reading it wrong at another place on the same page.
- Confusion between similar sounding words or terms with similar spellings, such as "form" and "from".
- Reading very slowly and hesitantly word by word, or leaving out whole chunks.
- Difficulty in remembering numbers and letters in sequence.
- Poor writing skills.
- Unusual resistance towards reading aloud.
- Relying on mugging up or memorizing the text without understanding it.
Step by step guide to overpower this disability
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Tests to diagnose dyslexia
Dyslexia is a common condition. According to the British Dyslexia Association, every 4 out of 100 people have mild to moderate dyslexic tendency. A qualified child psychiatrist would test a child for dyslexia in the following areas :
- Memory : Tests to memorize a sequence or random facts.
- Phonemic awareness : Tests to to distinguish and manipulate individual sounds.
- Auditory processing : The child is made to hear a few words, and then asked to quickly and accurately retrieve what was heard.
- Motor skills : Those involving co ordination between eyes and hands are tested.
- Postural stability
- Reading unfamiliar words
- Fluency in reading
- Dysgraphia : Tests for knowing the difficulty level in handwriting.
Dyslexics have a problem of language, not of intelligence
Steps to be followed by parents and school teachers for children with dyslexia
- Accept the child's problem.
- Parents need to inform the school teacher about the condition of their child.
- Enroll the child in specialized training classes that use methods to improve reading and writing skills.
- Do not put undue academic pressure on the child.
- Encourage the child to use tablets and computers, as they have a spell check option.
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