ROCKWEED. There are a number of different species of algae that we call "rockweed". This article is about the most common species Ascophyllum nodosum. It's the abundant species that you see growing on intertidal rocky surfaces everywhere along the coast of New England and the Atlantic Provinces. It is so abundant in fact that most folks don't realize that it is a keystone species that is vital to many marine creatures that depend on it directly or indirectly. This article will help you understand the importance of rockweed and, perhaps, actions that you can take to ensure our marine coasts are properly managed.
ISSUES: Is Rockweed harvesting damaging our marine ecosystem? And why should you care?
This series of articles provides information and resources for common marine plants and animals found along the North Atlantic coast. Great resources for explorers and teachers
Bags of rockweed ready to go to the buyer.
Common Names: Rockweed, Knotted Wrack
Phylum: Heterokontophyta (Brown seaweeds)
Distribution: All coasts of the North Atlantic
Habitat: Ascophyllum nodosum is found intertidally on rocky shores in a wide range of exposures but most abundantly at sheltered rocky sites in the mid-littoral where it is usually the dominant species.
Description: Ascophyllum nodosum is olive-brown. It has long fronds with large dominant air-bladders that occur at regular intervals.The stocks are somewhat flattened and have no mid-rib.
Plants can reach 2 m or more and are attached to the rock surface by strong holdfasts. They create a virtual forest when the tide is high and cover and protect the rock surface and it's other inhabitants when the tide falls.
Uses: Rockweed has always been known as a garden fertilizer, mulch and soil conditioner. Today, growth-promoting compounds are extracted to produce a liquid "foliar feed" that can be sprayed directly on the crops. It is also processed into kelp meal, a nutritious feed for livestock and compounds called "alginates" which serve as a stabilizer and thickener in thousands of commercial products ranging from paints, to cosmetics to puddings.
Rockweed is frequently used in baitworm and lobster shipments to provide a moist environment while these live animals make their way to various domestic and international locations.
- A. MacKay, MRA
- Gosner, K.L. A Field Guide to the Atlantic Seashore. Houghton Mifflin
The Rockweed Coalition
If you would like to learn more about rockweed harvesting, the most active coalition can be found at: http://www.rockweedcoalition.org/
Topics covered include:
2014-2015 STATE (DMR) Rockweed Management Plan Development.
LEGAL ISSUE: Who owns the rockweed? The intertidal shore to Mean Low Water is privately owned in Maine. Is cutting vegetation on private property "fishing"?
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|Ecology and Management of Maine's Eelgrass, Rockweeds, and Kelps|
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