The birth of Margaret was an important one. It would be Henry VII’s chance to bring peace between England and Scotland. He proposed a marriage between the then Scottish King, James IV, and his young daughter from 1499. Scotland, at the time, supported Perkin Warbeck’s claim to the throne, believing that he was Richard, Duke of Shrewsbury. Henry VII needed Scotland’s support and this marriage was the best way forward.
On January 24, 1502, the Treaty of Perpetual Peace was signed. 13-year-old Margaret was now betrothed, but her grandmother was against it. This was the same age as Margaret Beaufort when she gave birth to Henry VII of England. She and Henry almost died partially due to Margaret’s young age and she didn’t want the same thing happening to her granddaughter. The marriage went ahead the next year by proxy and the couple finally met in August 1503. Margaret was now considered old enough to consummate the marriage and bear children.
The Treaty of Perpetual Peace didn’t last for long. 10 years later, after the death of Henry VII, Scotland and England would find themselves at war. James IV would die at the Battle of Flodden Field, against Henry VIII’s army, led by Catherine of Aragon.
However, for that short time, England and Scotland were at peace. There were no threats between them and Henry VII could rely on his son-in-law’s support.