Is Pokeweed Edible / Safe to Eat?

by AngelaJohnson

Pokeweed is spelled Poke or Polk. It's also called Pokeberry, Scoke, Ombu, Pigeonberry, Ink berry, Cancer root, Pokebush, Pokeroot, Wild spinach, and American nightshade.

Salat is the German word for salad. Many German settlers came to the Ozarks and they were grateful for the early green leaves of pokeweed. It provided them with vitamins and was a good spring tonic after a long winter. They cooked pokeweed along with lamb's quarters and dock.

Commercial production of canned pokeweed ended in 2000 because there weren't enough people to collect the pokeweed.

Pokeweed shoots (greens) should only be picked early in the spring when the plant is short. Before you pick pokeweed and cook it, make sure you know what you're doing. Go along with someone who is familiar with the plant.


Poke berries and dried roots are often used in herbal remedies. However, they can be poisonous if not used correctly.

I took all the photos on this web page. ~~ Burntchestnut

About Pokeweed

pokeweedThe word "poke" is comes from the Algonquian Indian word "pakon" or "puccoon," which refers to a dye plant used for staining.

The Mohegan Indians mashed pokeberries into a poultice to relieve breast pain. The Delaware Indians used poke root teas and poultices to relieve joint pain.

Long ago, American colonists used pokeberries for ink. It's a rich purple color when fresh, but eventually fades to tan. Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence with pokeberry ink.  Even after all this time, the text is still legible.

During the US Civil War, soldiers wrote letters using a bird feather and pokeberry juice. These letters, too, are still legible.

During the early part of the nineteenth century, American doctors used pokeroot as a topical treatment for cancer, applied to areas of the skin where cancer was visible.

Poke is sometimes spelled "polk". Supporters of President James Polk, wore pokeweed twigs during their candidate's election campaign. They mistakenly believed that the plant was named for him.

After the Civil War, pokeroot was often used internally for arthritis and skin conditions. Pokeroot was believed to relieve constipation, and it was used to induce vomiting to treat certain kinds of poisoning. In the 1890s, Dr. W. W. Baxter even made one of the first "diet pills" from pokeberries.

NOTE: This photo is of pokeweed when it's beginning to make berries, which would be in late summer.  The plant is too mature to eat - you should only eat poke in early spring.

Have You Ever Eaten Poke?

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How to Make Poke Sallet

Tony Joe White Singing Polk Salad Annie

Word Definitions to the Song "Polk Salad Annie"

The title spells "poke" as "polk" and uses the word "salad" rather than "salat." 

Many of the words are common in the southern or eastern U.S., but not used in other parts of the country.  


A MESS - When you cook or gather greens from the garden or field, they are always referred to as a "mess" of greens. A "mess" is usually an amount to fill the cooking pot so everyone could have their fill. "Greens" can be turnip greens, dandelion greens, pokeweed and other edible green plant.

TOTE SACK - Sometimes called a "tow sack" or "gunny sack". It's a big bag usually made of burlap or coarse material. These sacks were used to store grain, corn, beans, potatoes or other agricultural products, and then used to gather garden produce, eggs, foraged foods, etc

CHAIN GANG - A group of prisoners chained together to perform menial or physically challenging work, such as mining, timber collecting, digging ditches, chipping stone, etc. Chain gangs existed mostly in the southern parts of the United States, and by 1955 had been phased out nationwide.

TRUCK PATCH - Many farmers had 2 gardens; a personal garden and a truck patch. They raised crops in the truck patch garden to sell at market, bringing it in by truck or selling it from a small stand along the roadside.

GATORS - Contraction for "Alligators" that live in swamps in the southern United States. American alligators are found in all of Florida and Louisiana, the southern parts of Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi, coastal South and North Carolina, Eastern Texas, the southeast corner of Oklahoma and the southern tip of Arkansas.

NO COUNT - Used to describe a useless human or item. An idler; a piece of junk.

Y'ALL - A contraction for the words "you" and "all" and pronounced as one syllable. 

TURNIP GREENS - Turnip leaves or turnip tops are often called "turnip greens." The common turnips in the U.S. are mostly white skinned with light purple or green coloring at the top.

About Poke Berries

poke berries

In the fall, berries start to form.  They are green to begin with and then turn a deep purple color.  The berries attract birds such as the mourning dove, eastern bluebird, cardinals, mockingbirds, yellow-bellied sapsucker, finches, and more.  I’ve seen several varieties of birds on one plant.  Evidently, the birds are not territorial.

Birds help spread pokeweed because when they eat the berry, they swallow the seed and it comes out in their droppings.


poke berries close upIf you have pokeweed plants close to your house or where you park your car, you may want to cut them down, because the droppings will be purple.

 My mother told me that when she was a girl, they'd squash pokeberries and use the juice for ink.  They also smeared some of it on their lips for lipstick.


By the time poke produces berries, it has grown about 3 or 4 feet tall.  This is the time to place a stake or small flag into the ground so you can find it early in the spring.  New shoots will come up from the berries dropped on the ground.

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Updated: 10/02/2014, AngelaJohnson
Thank you! Would you like to post a comment now?


AngelaJohnson on 09/19/2014

cazort - I live in an apartment, but if I ever live in my own home, I'm not going to have a traditional lawn. Like you, I'd have native plants, especially ones I can eat.

cazort on 09/19/2014

I am actually rather fond of this plant, but I've never tried it as food. My mom is from Arkansas, and talks about people eating it, but she never has cooked it up.

More recently, I started gardening and landscaping with all-native plants, as a means of restoring and protecting the ecosystems in my area. Since pokeweed is native, I've been leaving it in the wild portions on the edge of my yard, although it is an aggressive plants so I do pull it out of the flower beds and places where I plant my food plants.

I actually find this plant very visually attractive, and I think it's a bit silly how people view it as a weed. It has a sort of exotic appearance, with the sprawling purplish stems, and a neat shape. Its flowers are somewhat showy, and attract bees, and the purple berries add a lot of color in late summer to fall. It seems to be good at attracting birds too; I've seen mockingbirds and cedar waxwings eating the berries.

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