Nevertheless, there is benefit from the use of cannabis for peripheral neuropathy. This is a difficult situation to manage, and 20 million people in the United States have it. Traditional approaches are not adequate for its treatment. That infirmity especially occurs in elderly or diabetic clients as well as those who have alcoholism, autoimmune disease, or human immunodeficiency virus infection. However, clinicians do not always know the cause of it .
It is also well-known that Cannabis sativa has long been a treatment for pain. However, there is risk for cognitive impairment or addiction with its use. Its main psychoactive substance, THC, leads to relaxation as well as alterations of perception, sensation, and sexual drive. There may be dry mouth, anxiety, paranoia, and decline of short term memory .
One must also consider that results of clinical trials may not duplicate each other because the concentration of THC varies in these studies. In other words, research and market cannabis are not equivalent .
The occurrence of psychosis and driving impairment poses a problem in those who use marijuana. In general, clients who suffer from psychosis, anxiety, or depression should not use it. There are also studies which suggest that use of it may lead to decline of intelligence quotient, school performance, and graduation rates .
Furthermore, one should not combine the use of illicit substances with it. Finally, long-term use of this agent may worsen medical conditions such as chronic bronchitis, shortness of breath, and wheezing .