In 2016, there were more than 1.9 billion overweight adults worldwide. More than 650 million of them suffered from obesity. During that same year, there were 41 million children less than five years of age with it. In the United States, childhood obesity affects approximately 12.7 million children and adolescents. Moreover, it disproportionately affects low-income individuals [1, 2].
Though the occurrence of this condition in the United States has declined over the last several years, it currently affects more than a third of adults in that country .
There is much research and debate in the pediatric and other medical literature about this matter.
In any event, it is clear that the risk and occurrence of heart disease, diabetes mellitus, high blood pressure, and lipid disorders have a connection with excessive body weight .