Sexual minorities include those who are lesbian, gay, bisexual (LGB)--and in the view of most health care providers--transgender individuals as well. In the United States there are approximately 700,000 adults who are transgender and 9 million who identify as lesbian, gay, or bisexual. They come from all racial/ethnic backgrounds, socioeconomic status, and geographic locations of the globe [1, 2].
The medical needs of all people can be quite complex; however, those who are LGBT have certain predispositions to physical illness which may occur at different rates in heterosexual clients. For example, the occurrence of sexually transmitted infections are especially high in those who engage in same-sex relationships [1, 2].