In my many years of experimenting with and enjoying cooking, I've come to the conclusion that one of the most difficult kitchen skills to learn is how to properly season with salt. Salt can absolutely enhance and sharpen the flavor of any dish, from a hearty bowl of soup to a beef steak - even a "Sweet and Salty" dessert! (Have you ever had sea salt gelato, or chocolate-covered pretzels, for instance?
The Art of Cooking with Salt
Salt is one of the most basic and also most important seasoning elements in many cuisines around the world. But how good are your "salt skills"?
The problem is, as simple as seasoning with salt may appear, it can actually be quite a challenge so that your food doesn't end up either too bland or too salty.
Some chefs believe strongly that salt should be added - with care - to every step of preparing and cooking a meal. For instance, if you are braising a roast, first you might sear the meat with a salt-and-herb coating. Then you might add salt to the braising vegetables, then to the braising liquid, and lastly to the final roast before serving to "finish".
Food Network star Chef Anne Burrell is rather notorious for her fondness of salt and salting throughout the cooking process (foodnetworkaddict.blogspot.com/2008/07/anne-burrell-gets-salty.html). And of course, most Italian chefs will tell you that you simply must generously salt pasta cooking water as it will later allow the flavors of the sauce to better penetrate and enhance the noodles. (No salt in your pasta cooking water = no taste to your pasta!)
Other chefs take a much more cautious approach to salt use, only adding it as a finishing touch once all other ingredients are cooked down, seasoned and finished. Marcella Hazan is one of my favorite cookbook chefs, and many of her recipes seem to follow this principle of primarily adjusting for salt at the end of the recipe. Of course, she may use salty ingredients early on such as canned anchovies or capers and and olives in brine, which add a strong degree of saltiness on their own. Similarly, many Asian dishes use soy sauce, fish sauce and other fermented or preserved ingredients which contain plenty of salt on their own. In such cases adjusting for salt may only be proper at the very end.
|Essentials of Classic Italian Cooking|
Almost twenty years ago, with the publication of The Classic Italian Cook Book, followed by More Classic Italian Cooking, Marcella Hazan introduced Americans to a whole new worl...
|Marcella Says...: Italian Cooking Wisdom from the Legendary Teacher's Master Classes, with 120 of...|
Marcella Hazan is acclaimed for her trailblazing cookbooks, but first and foremost she is a teacher. From cooking classes held in her small New York City apartment kitchen in th...
I definitely believe many slow-cooked, multi-layered dishes benefit from salting throughout; it leads to a rich and complex flavor and if you are constantly tasting and adjusting, you are less likely to accidentally "over-salt" or under-season a meal. Other simpler foods and dishes definitely may only need a touch of salt at the end, as too much might obscure the other delicate flavors to be highlighted.
I know it's taken me many years of practice to pay attention to and know when salt is needed, and to not over-salt (which almost without fail can't be easily corrected for.) I still don't always get it right, but I'm bolder with my salt use than I once was, especially growing up in a family where one person had heart issues which restricted him to a low-salt diet. For a long time I was extremely cautious about using salt more than a sprinkle or dash in my cooking, but these days I push myself to be bolder - to salt almost "to the edge" of too much, sometimes, which can really heighten the taste of a dish.
Salt: Is it your friend or foe in the kitchen?
I've only just begun experimenting as well with flavored, smoked, and specialty salts which are often meant mostly as a finishing element on a dish, or to add a unique note to a marinade. Many of these are starting to become more and more popular in specialty food markets and spice emporiums.
Gourmet Sea Salt Samplers
Want to try out some different specialty salts in your own cooking?
|The Natural Sea Salt Sampler - 6 Resuable Tins, Bamboo Spoon - Perfect Gift - Cyprus Flake Pyrami...|
EXOTIC SALTS FROM AROUND THE WORLD: Travel the world as you cook with sea salts from Cyprus, France, the Himalayas, Portugal, Sicily, and New Zealand. Flaky pyramid salt from Cy...Only $18.99
|World Gourmet Sea Salt Sampler in Embossed Tin|
16 all natural sea salts, each one rich in flavor and 84 trace minerals and completely unrefined, impart a texture and natural flavor all their own! 16 Natural sea salts from ar...Only $32.95
|Sea Salt Shack Classic Variety 4 Pack | Himalayan Pink Crystal Salt, French Grey Sea Salt, Red Al...|
Sea Salt Shack brings you the finest collection of salts from around the globe. This carefully curated selection includes our classic assortment of premium salts to add life to ...Only $13.99
|Cpise Gourmet Salt Sampler Gift Set (Chef Edition): 7 Artisanal Salts - Fleur de Sel, French Gray...|
7 Gourmet Salts included: -French Grey Sea Salt - Fleur de Sel - Hawaiian Alaea Red Sea Salt - Hawaiian Black Lava Sea Salt - Himalayan Pink Rock - Sonoma OR Mediterranean Gourm...Only $13.97
An Introduction to Finishing Salts
Learn more about how finishing salts can "spice up" your dinner creations
Learn more about the history and importance of salt in cooking
|Salt: A World History|
From the Bestselling Author of Cod and The Basque History of the WorldIn his fifth work of nonfiction, Mark Kurlansky turns his attention to a common household item with a long ...
|Salted: A Manifesto on the World's Most Essential Mineral, with Recipes|
James Beard Cookbook Award Winner. IACP Cookbook Award Finalist in two categories. Mark Bitterman is a man truly possessed by salt. As “selmelier” at The Meadow, the internation...
What do you think about cooking with salt? How do you like to use it in your cooking, if at all?