Acute malnutrition affects approximately 55 million infants and small children across the globe. Twenty million preschool children develop severe acute malnutrition which is the most serious form of this medical condition. A third of childhood deaths under the age of five are the result of it. More than 90 percent of people with nutrient imbalance and deficiency reside in developing countries [1, 2].
Though malnutrition in general is often the result of poverty, it can also be the result of chronic medical conditions such as malabsorption, cancer, inability to effectively chew or swallow food, infectious disease, and lack of access to obtain food. Barriers against the purchase of food may include poverty, inadequate transportation, war, conflict, drought, natural disaster, and other situations that lead to disruption in agriculture, family life, and internal displacement .
In 1982, there were 164 million impoverished people in sub-Saharan Africa, and by 2002, the figure had increased to 313 million .