There are approximately 360,000 annual drowning deaths across the globe. Those who have more access to water than others are at risk. For example, children may live near sources such as ditches, ponds, irrigation channels, or pools. Moreover, commercial fishing, or fishing for subsistence, places workers in danger .
There is also high occurrence of these injuries in poor countries. It has to do with use of small boats in those regions of the globe. In essence, the infrastructure is inadequate there, and emergency response is not very efficient. Evacuation, rescue, and warning procedures in these countries are still in development. This also poses a problem with floods .
Small boats are commonly in use when people are seeking asylum, and safety equipment may not be available for them as they travel. Additionally, some passengers on vessels have health problems such as seizure disorder, and there may not be adequate medical care or equipment to manage the situation. There are also the concerns that some craft operators consume alcohol or illicit drugs when they are in charge of the ship .
Finally, since some episodes of drowning involve suicide or homicide, it is conceivable that global rates of these incidents are uncertain .