Type I diabetes mellitus is a serious medical condition in which there is an immune destruction of certain pancreatic cells which produce insulin. Naturally, these clients are not able to produce enough of their own insulin, and this leads to extraordinarily high levels of the blood sugar unless they take exogenous insulin injections [1, 2].
It has, over the decades, had other names such as Juvenile Onset Diabetes Mellitus and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. This is because these patients have generally acquired their diagnosis in the childhood or adolescent years, and since they do not produce enough endogenous insulin, they become dependent on insulin which a physician prescribes for them
Those who have type 1 diabetes mellitus will require insulin for treatment as this is the only agent which the United States Food and Drug Administration has approved for its management. Additionally, the use of that medication will be for the lifetime .