What's special about this Altamira Cave? The Altamira cave, like the Lascaux caves in France, is famous for the numerous prehistoric cave paintings that adorn its walls and ceiling. In particular, Altamira is known for its "Polychrome Ceiling" which features a herd of bison in different poses.
The cave paintings at Altamira in Spain helped change our understanding of life in the Paleolithic period. Prior to the discovery of these magnificent artworks the prehistoric beings of this period had generally been depicted as basically pre-human rather than real human beings. Discoveries of their art in the caves of Altamira were an important contribution to changing this perspective and recognizing the significant human qualities of these early people.
Unfortunately, like the caves in Lascaux, Altamira caves are not open to the public, a necessary measure to protect the magnificent artwork. However, there is a museum and several replicas of the caves which allow visitors to view reproductions of these amazing artworks in context and have a taste of what life for these early artists must have been like in prehistoric times.