Finding your own vision for taking photos takes time and lots and lots of practice. You may want to spend days experimenting with angles and lighting without expecting any results, but rather giving yourself permission to just "fool around" with the camera as a way to explore your own vision.
Because of where you live and your ability to take time to use your camera, your way of seeing will be different from everyone else's and so your results will be different, too. Don't fall into the trap of thinking "if only I lived in a more beautiful place" or "if only I had all day to take pictures," because that is self-defeating and will not lead you to a positive experience, never mind photos that will be worth sharing.
The truth is, just because someone lives in a paradise, it doesn't follow that her photos will be any better than the photos of someone who lives in a ghetto. In fact, wherever you find yourself, there will be a story to tell with your images and there will be things to interpret and to work with. If what you enjoy photographing is people, this will especially be the case.
But, returning to your breakfast table again, you can photograph any number of things that can make worthwhile images just there where you sit every day. How many ways can you make a photo of your coffee cup, for example? Or what about that sliced orange or the cereal grains in your bowl?
An egg can be a beautiful thing, before and after you cook it.
Your breakfast companion may not appreciate your taking a dozen pictures of her messy hair, but if she doesn't object too much, you could come up with an interesting mesh of locks.