When individuals present to a health care facility with drug abuse issues, there are several matters which the physician must consider. First, there have to be medical and psychiatric assessments. Second, there must be attention to the immediate situation, and this likely involves intoxication or withdrawal from alcohol or illicit substances. Third, the treatment team will design an effective plan of management for the hospital course as well as outpatient care after discharge from the facility .
The purpose of treatment in any of these cases, of course, is to improve the client’s social and psychological functioning in the community. The goal is to attain complete abstinence from use of the substance for the lifetime. If this is not feasible, then reduction in the frequency and severity of relapses is certainly desirable .