French Dijon Mustard : Ingredients, Flavoured Varieties & Manufacture

by humagaia

French Dijon mustard can be classified as gourmet food. Here you can find Dijon mustard standard and flavoured varieties, and learn about the ingredients and manufacture.

"Roll up, roll up!"
"Buy your French Dijon mustard here"
cries the stall-holder.

But why French Dijon?
And which is the best?

In my view the best French producers are:
Maille, Edmond Fallot, Amora and Grey Poupon.

Below you will find information about Dijon mustard as well as examples of most varieties of this mustard to buy.

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Maille Dijon Mustard 215g

Maille Dijon Mustard has a fantastically rich heritage; the Maille company was originally founded way back in 1747 by Antoine Maille - the greatest mustard manufacturer of ...

Only $4.35

Mustard Wiki

Mustard is a condiment made from the seeds of a mustard plant. The whole, ground, cracked, or bruised mustard seeds are mixed with water, salt, lemon juice, mayonnaise or other liquids, and sometimes other flavorings and spices, to ...

Dijon Mustard Production

Dijon mustard is produced all over the world to varying recipes. However the original, and most likely the best, is produced in France. Being named as it is, one would expect it to come exclusively from Dijon, France. 

Amora Dijon Mustard

Prepared in Dijon, France, from carefully selected mustard seeds, this mustard has a mellow smoothness. Mix with balsamic vinegar and honey for a great salmon glaze.

Only $5.49

This, however, is not the case, as it is not protected by the EU (European Union) with either a PDO (Protected Designation of Origin) or a PGI (Protected Geographic Indication). Dijon mustard is not as pungent as English mustard.

Dijon mustard must be carefully stored as, once opened, the fragrance may be lost, due to oxidation with air, which alters the taste and degrades it to an unappetizing brownish colour. Mustard has around 450mg of sodium per 100g.

All Black Mustard preparations irritate the skin and eyes.

Worldwide, mustard is the third most used condiment after salt and pepper.

Distinguishing Features of Dijon Mustard

The defining element that distinguishes true Dijon mustard from other mustards is the ingredient verjuice, which replaces the vinegar element, from which most other mustards are created. Verjuice is the juice of under-ripe grapes (described as green, or unripe, juice), which adds an acidic, piquant note and enhances the pungency of the mustard condiment.

Boxed set of Dijon mustards

Boxed Gift Set- Fallot Authentic French Dijon Mustard Assortment of 8 Mustards, Each 7 Oz

A fantastic way to sample all these wonderful high quality mustards from Fallot, authentic Dijon mustards! You will receive 8 jars, 7 oz each. Flavors are: Regular, old ...

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Dijon mustard ingredients

The technique of adding verjuice was introduced by Jean Naigeon, who came from Dijon, in the mid 19th century. The plethora of Dijon mustards available to the gourmet, and cook today, vary considerably, as they may be based on ingredients that are deemed suitable by local jurisdictions. One may find them with white and/or red wine verjuice, and even diluted wine vinegar: this producing a Dijon-style mustard instead of being based on the more traditional recipe.

Mustard seed

The most obvious ingredient though is mustard seed. The common name is thought to derive from the French word moustarde, in turn derived from the Latin mustum ( = must, a newly pressed grape-juice) and ardens (= fiery), because the condiment was originally produced by adding must to crushed mustard seeds.

Yellow Dijon uses black mustard (Brassica nigra) seed, the one with the best and most pungent flavour.

This is a hardy annual herb, a member of the cabbage family, from which the globular black seeds are utilised. 

Grainy Dijon Mustards

Old Style Dijon Mustard

Mustards from the Dijon region of France are characterized by their pale, grayish-yellow color and clean, sharp flavor. This one is interspersed with whole mustard seeds and ...

Only $13.79
Grain Mustard Fallot French Dijon old fashioned mustard Mustard-7oz jar, One

The Fallot family has enjoyed a worldwide reputation for exceptional quality, since 1840. The Mustards are made in Beaune, France near Dijon, where seeds are selected for ...

Edmond Fallot
Only $10.48

Black mustard probably originated in the Middle East. It is native to Europe and Asia and has become naturalized in America and Britain. It has been cultivated for around 2,000 years, as a medicinal herb and condiment.

Other ingredients include: water, vinegar, salt and proprietary spices (each combination giving unique flavours).

Mustard cultivation and harvesting

Mustard Cultivation and harvesting

Mustard is grown from seed sown outdoors in spring, and does best in a sunny place and fertile moist soil. Under these conditions black mustard will reach its maximum height. The seedlings should be thinned to 12 to 18 inches (30 to 45 cm) apart, and weeded regularly in the early stages. 


Stone Ground Dijon Organic Creamy White Mustard - (7 Oz Jar) - NEW YEAR SALE!

Ingredients: Organic apple cider vinegar, Organic mustard seeds, Sea salt. Stone ground to a creamy texture & combined with apple cider vinegar reduces the acid. So, you get ...


Seed is ripe in late summer. It should be monitored carefully in the final week or two, as the seed may be lost easily when fully ripe. It is better to remove the pods before they finish maturing, and allow the seeds to ripen in the pods.

Culinary uses of Dijon mustard

Culinary Uses of Dijon Mustard

As a flavouring in cooking it has a worldwide reputation for enhancing a variety of savoury dishes, such as cold meats and sausages; it is used in sauces and dressings; and with cooked cheese dishes. 

The pungency and odour to which black mustard owes much of its value are due to an essential oil developed by the action of myrosin, an enzyme, upon the glucoside sinigrin C10H18KNS2O10.

In the presence of water myrosin acts on sinigrin, splitting it up into the essential oil of mustard, a potassium salt and glucose. 

Hot stuff!

Dijon Mustard (Maille) 13.4oz (380g) Label may read HOT

Traditional Dijon Mustard. Dijon Originale. Ingredients: water, mustard seeds, vinegar, salt, citric acid, sulphur dioxide (preservative) Kosher (Pareve - MK 270) Product of ...

$21.32  $10.34

The enzyme is destroyed by boiling water. Essential oil of mustard is an isothiocyanate of allyl, C3H5NCS.

As a condiment, mustard stimulates the salivary, but not the gastric secretions. It increases the peristaltic movements of the stomach.

Medicinal uses of mustard

Medicinal Uses of Black Mustard

Medicinally, the constituents of the mustard seed include glycoside-bonded oil of mustard, a vesicating oil, the enzyme mycosinase, the alkoloid sinapine, mucillage, and protein.

Mustard has been used in smelling salts to relieve congestion, sinus problems and catarrh, as it acts as a decongestant, when allyl isothiocyanates are effective.

Some studies suggest inhibit the growth of cancer cells.

Roland Dijon mustards

Roland Dijon Mustard, 4.6-Pound Jar

Roland Extra Strong Dijon Mustard is packed under French government supervision. It is produced from ground black mustard seeds which give it a deep, dark yellow color. The ...

Only $18.99
Roland Dijon Mustard from France, 9.25-Pound Can

Roland Extra Strong Dijon Mustard is packed under French government super- visionIt is produced from ground black mustard seeds, which give it a deep, yellow colorThe texture ...

Only $52.99

These substances give mustard rubefacient (local irritant causing reddening and warming of the skin) and irritant properties. It is used medicinally to improve the blood supply to the skin (soothing of chilblains, for instance), lungs, pleura (covering of the lungs) and kidneys. Plasters and poultices made from black mustard powder ease rheumatic and arthritic pain, muscular spasms, strained muscles and congested lungs. Bath preparations have the same effect. Mustard flour can also be used as an emetic (a substance that causes vomiting), when a tablespoonful is added to luke-warm water. It should be used thus only for the treatment of poisoning in an emergency.

Flavoured varieties of Dijon mustard
Chardonnay is a green-skinned grape variety used to make white wine. It originated in the Burgundy wine region of eastern France but is now grown wherever wine is produced, from England to New Zealand. For new and developing wine ...
French's Dijon Mustard with Chardonnay: 12 OZ Squeeze

Nothing spreads more smiles to more faces than the taste of FRENCH'S Mustard. Enjoy the delicious Dijon taste that's made with white wine. It's never too strong. Perfect for ...

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Burgundy wine is wine made in the Burgundy region in eastern France, in the valleys and slopes west of the Saône River, a tributary of the Rhône. The most famous wines produced here - those commonly referred to as "Burgundies" - are red ...
Fallot Burgundy Mustard

This may be Fallot's crowning achievement. They use white wine from Burgundy, instead of the traditional wine vinegar, and only mustard seeds grown in Burgundy to create a ...

Only $8.95
Dijon SEYVAL Mustard

This Dijon Mustard is given a unique flavor from the delicate Seyval Blanc white wine from the Hudson Valley region of New York State. A true gourmet treat for mustard lovers.

Seyval Blanc is a hybrid wine grape variety used to make white wines. Its vines ripen early, are productive and are suited to fairly cool climates. and the Finger Lakes region of upstate New York, and was used to create the hybrid grape ...
Herbs and spices - Taragon, Basil, Herbes de Provences, Garlic, Horseradish, Peppercorn
Tarragon or dragon's-wort is a perennial herb in the family Asteraceae related to wormwood. Corresponding to its species name, a common term for the plant is "dragon herb". It is native to a wide area of the Northern Hemisphere from ...
Edmond Fallot Tarragon Dijon Mustard

Founded in 1840 and produced by Edmund Fallot's great-grandson, this classic, stone ground Dijon mustard, is a faithful companion to choice cuisine. Appreciated since ...

Edmond Fallot
Only $7.59
Edmond Fallot Dijon Mustard with Basil (7 ounce)

Since 1840, the distinctive high quality and flavors of Edmond Fallot's specialty Dijon mustards have earned the company high regards. In the town of Beaune in Dijon, France, ...

Only $3.50
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Herbes de Provence Dijon Mustard 100G

World-famous mustard from Nyon with ground olives or Herbes de Provence.

Allium sativum, commonly known as garlic, is a species in the onion genus, Allium. Its close relatives include the onion, shallot, leek, chive, and rakkyo. Dating back over 6,000 years, garlic is native to central Asia, and has long ...
Grainy Dijon and garlic prepared Mustard

This award winning (2002 Napa Valley Mustard festival) mustard perfectly combines the flavors of Dijon with roasted garlic. It is an excellent compliment for roast beef, spicy ...

Horseradish Armoracia rusticana, syn. Cochlearia armoracia) is a perennial plant of the Brassicaceae family, which also includes mustard, wasabi, broccoli, and cabbages. The plant is probably native to south eastern Europe and western ...
Horseradish Dijon

From the Dijon region of France, this mustard is characterized by its pale yellowish color, and clean, sharp flavor. This lightly pungent Dijon with whole mustard seeds is ...

The original meaning of peppercorn is the fruit of black pepper. It may also refer to: * Peppercorn, a very small payment used to satisfy the requirements for the creation of a legal contract Other plants: *Peppercorn tree *Sichuan ...
Pommery - Gourmet Green peppercorn Mustard from France in crock 8.8oz

It is hard to make a green peppercorn mustard in which the taste of the peppercorns does not compete with the taste of the mustard. But this gourmet green peppercorn mustard ...

$10.89  $7.99
Nuts (Walnut) & Honey

Recipe - Kale with Dijon mustard dressing.

An Irish winter dish, using sea kale. This vegetable has a nutty flavour, but can be substituted with curly kale or Savoy cabbage. If using the substitutes they will need to be softened by boiling for a few minutes, and then chilled.

Recipe ingredients for 4 servings:

1/2lb (250g) sea kale or curly kale

3 tbsp. (45 ml) olive oil (light)

1 tsp. (5ml) wholegrain Dijon mustard

1 tbsp. (15ml) white wine vinegar

caster sugar (pinch)

salt (to taste)

plenty of ground black pepper.

Edmond Fallot Dijon Mustard with Walnut (7 ounce)

Since 1840, the distinctive high quality and flavors of Edmond Fallot's specialty Dijon mustards have earned the company high regards. In the town of Beaune in Dijon, France, ...

Only $8.19
French's Honey Dijon Mustard: 12 OZ Squeeze

French's Honey Dijon is a delicious blend of spicy Dijon mustard with a golden sweet tought of Real Honey! This flavorful combination is great on sandwiches, as a dip and in ...

Only $1.67
  1. Wash, drain, trim and tear kale into pieces (cook if necessary).
  2. In a bowl, whisk oil into the Dijon mustard. When completely blended whisk in the white wine vinegar, when it should thicken.
  3. Season the thickened dressing with sugar, salt and pepper.
  4. Toss kale in dressing.
  5. Serve immediately.

Recipe - Dijon mustard beef fillet salad.

If entertaining, a lean roasted fillet of beef makes it very special. Combine it with new potatoes, green vegetables and a Dijon mustard-flavored vinaigrette, and you have a masterpiece of simplicity.

Serve with French bread and the masterpiece is framed.

Preparation time: 35 to 40 minutes, plus cooling time.

Ingredients for 4 servings.

1 lb. (450 gm) tail-end beef fillet

1 1/2 tsp olive oil (extra virgin)

12 oz. (340g) new potatoes (scrubbed)

5 oz. (140g) green beans (halved)

3 1/2 oz. (100g) peas (shelled, fresh or frozen)

3 oz. (85g) leeks (finely shredded)

2 tbsp. chives (fresh, snipped).

Mustard vinaigrette

1 1/2 tbsp. olive oil (extra virgin)

2 tsp. red wine vinegar

1 tsp Dijon mustard

caster sugar, salt & pepper (to taste)

Other flavours - blackcurrent, blue cheese, gingerbread, truffles
French Blackcurrant Dijon Mustard- 7.4oz - (Pack of 3)

This mustard is made in accordance to traditional methods of the Fallot Company, mustard-maker in Beaune (Burgundy) since 1840. Seeds are selected for their quality and are ...

Only $29.99
Vineyard Pantry - Blue Cheese Dijon Mustard

Vineyard Pantry - Blue Cheese Dijon Mustard Unique and tasty. Blue cheese and mustard - come together in perfect harmony in this most unusual mustard combination. We recommend ...

Pommery - Gourmet Gingerbread Mustard from France in crock 8.8oz

This gourmet mustard by Pommery marries the two specialties of Dijon: mustard and gingerbread (literally, "spice bread," for the "gingerbread" of Dijon contains no ginger). ...

Only $13.95
K.L. Keller Mustard Dijon with Black Truffle, 6 Oz. Jar

the silky traditional Dijon Mustard with a fantastic truffle flavor, and a generous sprinkling of truffle bits.

Only $14.00
  1. Preheat oven to 230°C (450ºF, Gas Mark 8). Rub fillet with olive oil. Place on grill in a roasting tin. Roast for 15 mins (rare), 25 mins (well done).
  2. Whilst beef is roasting, whisk together ingredients for vinaigrette (as above).
  3. Remove beef and leave to stand for 5 minutes. Cut into thin slices. Add to the dressing and leave to cool.
  4. Cook potatoes for 15 mins in boiling water, then drain. When cool, cut into manageable pieces and add to the beef.
  5. Cook green beans for 1 minute in boiling water. Add peas and cook for further 3 minutes. Drain and run them under cold water briefly, to refresh. Add to beef mixture and toss. Cover and chill.
  6. Just before serving, add the leeks and chives.


Updated: 02/05/2021, humagaia
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humagaia on 02/02/2012

sheilamarie - shame I thought I could make a Dijon mustard sale to you

sheilamarie on 02/02/2012

We are big mustard users. Somehow the very same companies that produce mustard in France can sell mustard in North America, but it somehow is not the same. We look forward to gifts on Dijon mustard from our European family.

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