Growing garlic has become a hobby for many people in the United States and elsewhere due to its popularity as a medicinal plant, and as a seasoning for food. As garlic continues to grow in popularity, more and more local farmers are also including garlic in their plant mix, as well as producing garlic flavored products like garlic jelly, and pickled garlic.
As fresh local food becomes more popular, many people are growing their own vegetables and herbs. Growing garlic is easy in many climates, and can be used in a variety of recipes.
Garlic Has Been Grown For Centuries as a Food Additive, and a Medicinal Plant
Garlic festivals are springing up in parts of the world, and with the trend in foods moving more towards local, fresh, and organic, garlic continues to be one of the foods that is purchased locally by residents wherever it can be grown.
Fresh garlic has been known to be used for many purposes, including as an antibiotic in ancient times, a digestive ailment, and an insect repellent. It also blends extremely well with many foods including meats, vegetables, and breads, and can also be used as a spread when roasted.
How to Grow Garlic
Garlic can be grown in the ground or in containers
The best way to purchase garlic to grow is in the bulb form. Garlic can be grown year round in mild climates or will come up as a perennial in harsher climates. One of the advantages of growing garlic in areas where deer, rabbits, or other plant eating animals live, is that they do not like the taste of the garlic plant, therefore you do not need to fence in that area of your garden.
In cold climates, climates that have a true winter season, garlic should be planted in the fall, about 6 weeks before the ground will freeze. Garlic will grow under a wide variety of soil conditions.
Shortly before planting break the bulbs apart into cloves. When you break apart the bulb, each clove should break away intact. Plant the the cloves just far enough apart to allow the bulbs to grow, about 3 to 4 inches. Garlic bulbs will grow underground, while the stems will grow above ground. It is important to plant garlic with the top of the clove up, two inches below the surface.
Some garlic varieties produce a central stalk which goes straight up and then usually makes one or two loops. The garlic top is called a scape. If you want the garlic plant to produce a large bulb, snip the scape off after it has made one or two loops.
Garlic requires fairly even soil moisture during the growing season with no additional moisture during the last few weeks. Garlic plants are extremely hardy, which makes them a good plant for harsher climates, and for beginner gardeners. They are ready to harvest in the late spring.
Have You Ever Tried Growing Garlic at Home?
Or do you prefer to buy it
To determine whether the garlic is ready to harvest, you need to manually check a few bulbs in the ground. Use your fingers to feel the cloves through the ground to see if the bulb is fully developed. If the garlic feels right, it is ready to harvest.
Once it is ready, pull the garlic out from the ground to store, cook, or eat.
We are often only exposed to one variety of garlic in the grocery store.
Garlic comes in several varieties, but they are all classified under the scientific name: Allium Sativum. The most closely related plants are onions, and shallots. Garlics are divided into two sub-categories, hard-necked and soft-necked garlics.
Hard-Necked Garlic Varieties
- Porcelain--Porcelain garlic has bulb wrappers that tend to be thick and parchment-like. Porcelains are generally strong tasting.
- Rocambole--Rocambole garlic has thinner bulb wrappers and is flavorful, and hot.
- Purple Stripe--Purple Stripe garlic has purplish vertical stripes decorating the bulb wrappers. They are rich in flavor, but not overly pungent.
Soft-Necked Garlic Varieties
- Artichoke--Artichoke garlic is the garlic most often sold commercially. It generally has between 12 to 20 cloves per bulb.
- Silverskin--Silverskin garlic is strong flavored with white bulb wrappers.
- Creole--Creole garlic is often eaten raw due to its rich, full taste. Bulb wrappers are a rose color.
- Asiatic--Asiatic garlic has white bulb wrappers which can be thick and parchment-like with straw-colored clove covers.
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