Poor nutritional status in hospitalized patients may be present upon admission, or the client can develop it during the hospital course. It may happen in those who are not able to chew or swallow. Some patients will lose their appetite because of the illness. There are also interactions between certain medications to treat diseases, and these may create an imbalance in the body’s nutrients .
Many inpatients undergo procedures, whether major or minor surgery, or other diagnostic studies. In general, the staff will withhold food the night before in order to ensure a smooth examination or to prevent the patient from regurgitation or other gastrointestinal issues during surgery. Unless some food intake resumes shortly after the procedure, the patient becomes at risk for metabolic imbalance and malnutrition .