Tagetes patula is commonly known as French marigold.
An annual with a compact exuberance, Tagetes patula hails from Mexico and Guatemala.
Tagetes patula spreads from 6 to 12 inches (15 to 30 centimeters). Its height hovers from 8 to 20 inches (20 to 50 centimeters).
Pinnate (Latin: pinna, "feather, fin") leaves, which are divided into narrow, lance-shaped segments, are toothed.
Flowers open singly or in small clusters in early summer and last into autumn. In the wild, floral coloring tends towards yellow to orange. Popular garden varieties strikingly blend red with yellow in striped petals.
Tagetes patula is a visual and fragrant delight, from its vivid, fragrant flowers, whose oil is distilled for perfume, to its aromatic leaves, whose oil glands exude a pungent scent. Butterflies enthusiastically visit this beloved shrub, delighting in its flavorsome nectar, while also appreciating its gorgeous sunny blazes of gold, dark orange, and brick red hues.
Tagetes patula is classed in hardiness Zone 11 (40° to 50° Fahrenheit; 4° to 10° Celsius) to Zone 12 (50° to 60° F.; 10° to 16° C.).