“What is Alphabet?”
Larry Page says on the company's official blog: “Alphabet is mostly a collection of companies. The largest of which, of course, is Google. This newer Google is a bit slimmed down, with the companies that are pretty far afield of our main internet products contained in Alphabet instead.” He goes on: “Fundamentally, we believe this allows us more management scale, as we can run things independently that aren’t very related.”
In the release, Page lays out the priorities for Alphabet. These are his words:
- Getting more ambitious things done.
- Taking the long-term view.
- Empowering great entrepreneurs and companies to flourish.
- Investing at the scale of the opportunities and resources we see.
- Improving the transparency and oversight of what we’re doing.
- Making Google even better through greater focus.
- And hopefully ... as a result of all this, improving the lives of as many people as we can.
1- Larry Page wants to focus on more ambitious projects, where Sundar Pichai ( Google's newly named CEO ) to be responsible of day-to-day operation of Google, while he and Sergey Brin to be more focused on the fun future science research projects that may change the world and be highly lucrative.
2- Let Google focus on building the future rather than maintaining the past by splitting the units where each business now has its own CEO and this is likely on of the biggest reasons behind the new structure it should provide greater transparency of each separate unit as well as the company as a whole.
3- Another key to ensuring the company keeps humming -- and eventually gets its moon shots to make money -- is making sure top execs don't walk away from Google for high-profile jobs elsewhere. Doling out CEO titles for the independent divisions means Google can reward top talent, especially as they become more in-demand from other tech companies. So that would help Google retain and attract talents.
Why the name "Alphabet"?
Well, for three main reasons:
1- This is a company that aspires to cover everything from A to Z.
2- It represents language, "the core of how we index with Google search".
3- Because Alpha-bet means "investment return above benchmark, which we strive to do." Page said.
So who is in charge?
Google co-founder and CEO Larry Page will transition to Alphabet in a co-CEO role with another co-founder, Sergey Brin, as president taking on more world-changing moonshots, and mature them to the level of Google and Android. Meanwhile, Sundar Pichai – who has been put in charge of every major product at the company aside from YouTube, and effectively was considered the second most important employee of the firm, second only to CEO and co-founder Page - will take over as Google's chief after Page and Sergey have made the search engine, operating system and everything in between ready for him to run.
So not to get lost:
Larry Page -> CEO of Alphabet
Sergey Brin -> President of Alphabet
Susan Wojcicki -> CEO of YouTube
Sundar Pichai -> CEO of Google
Aside from Google, what other companies will there be?
Alphabet is a company that will oversee the operations of all of the various projects that currently fall under the Google name. Essentially, it means projects such as the company's driverless cars, glucose-reading contact lenses and its future-gazing X Labs will all be individual companies that will operate (more or less) independently and which all will have CEOs.
Alphabet includes the following entities:
• A smaller company called Google, headed by CEO Sundar Pichai, that includes the company's core businesses. Those businesses: "search, ads, maps, apps, YouTube and Android and the related technical infrastructure."
• Other businesses, "such as Calico, Nest, and Fiber, as well as its investing arms, such as Google Ventures and Google Capital, and incubator projects, such as Google X," which "will be managed separately from the Google business."