She was nominated for Best Supporting Actress for her role in The Deer Hunter (1978), a fabulous film about the Vietnam War and its effects on three friends living in a small American town. Also starring Robert de Niro, Christopher Walken, and John Cazale. Won 5 Oscars.
Won an Academy Award for the Best Supporting Actress for her role in Kramer vs. Kramer (1979), where her co-star was Dustin Hoffman. A movie about divorce that involves a small child, the fight for custody, and a father who learns to be there for his child, taking on the responsibilities of both father and mother.
1982. Nominated, Best Actress: French Lieutenant's Woman (1981). Her co-star is Jeremy Irons. Directed by Karel Reisz, with a script by Harold Pinter based on a John Fowles novel. A love story set in Victorian England.
1983. Won, Best Actress: Sophie's Choice (1982), a film for which she lost 70 pounds to portray an Auschwitz survivor. Directed by Alan J. Pakula. With Kevin Kline.
1984. Nominated, Best Actress: Silkwood (1983). Directed by Mike Nichols. Script by Nora Ephron and Alice Arlen. About safety violations at a metallurgy plant. "The movie isn't about plutonium, it's about the American working class," says Roger Ebert.
1986. Nominated, Best Actress: Out of Africa (1985), a movie directed by Sydney Pollack where she co-starred with Robert Redford. Won 7 Oscars. A love affair in postcolonial Kenya.
1988. Nominated, Best Actress: Ironweed (1987), where she co-starred with Jack Nicholson. Directed by Hector Babenco. A movie about two hobos in Albany during the Great Depression.
1989. Nominated, Best Actress: A Cry in the Dark (1988). With Sam Neill and Dale Reeves. directed by Fred Schepisi. About a woman accused of murdering her child.
1991. Nominated, Best Actress: Postcards from the Edge (1990), where she also sings. Nominated for 2 Oscars. Directed by Mike Nichols. About a substance-abusing actress.
1996. Nominated, Best Actress: The Bridges of Madison County (1995), for a superb performance alongside Clint Eastwood, who also directed this movie about a love affair between a housewife and a photographer in 1960s rural America.
1999. Nominated: One True Thing (1998). With Renée Zellweger and William Hurt. Directed by Carl Franklin. About a young woman caring for her sick mother.
2000. Nominated, Best Actress: Music of the Heart (1999). With Cloris Leachman and Henry Dinhofer, Gloria Estefan and Angela Bassett. Directed by Wes Craven. Nominated for 2 Oscars. About a schoolteacher in Harlem.
2003. Nominated, Best Supporting Actress: Adaptation (2002). Also starring Nicolas Cage and Chris Cooper. A story about a scriptwriter adapting the book The Orchid Thief. Directed by Spike Jonze. Won 1 Oscar.
2007. Nominated, Best Actress: The Devil Wears Prada (2006), a movie with Anne Hathaway and Emily Blunt. I believe it launched Emily Blunt's career in top-rated films. Nominated for 2 Oscars.
2009. Nominated, Best Actress: Doubt (2008). Co-starring Phillip Seymour Hoffman and Amy Adams. Director: John Patrick Shanley. Script also by John Patrick Shanley, based on his Pulitzer Prize-winning play. Won 5 Oscars. A story about accusations of sexual abuse in a Catholic school.
2010. Nominated, Best Actress: Julie & Julia (2009), a fun film with Meryl Streep as Julia Child and Amy Adams as Julie.
2012. Won, Best Actress: The Iron Lady (2011). About Margaret Thatcher. Won 2 Oscars
2014. Nominated, Best Actress: August: Osage County (2013). The great ensemble cast also includes Julia Roberts, Margo Martindale, Dermon Mulroney, Julianne Nicholson and Abigail Breslin. The story of a dysfunctional family venting old grudges and some secrets one August in rural Oklahoma. I wrote a few words about it here.