Those who use this substance commonly experience rapid irregular rhythms of the heart, seizures, elevation of blood pressure, vasospasm of the coronary arteries, acute myocardial infarction or heart attack, stroke, and appetite suppression. The suppression of appetite will, in many cases, result in malnutrition as they do not consume an adequate diet though the body still requires it [1, 2].
People who inhale or “snort” this illicit drug may experience sinusitis, irritation and bleeding of the nasal mucosa, and perforation of the nasal septum. They sometimes also suffer from bronchitis, cough, bronchospasm, and collapse of the lung.
Since many of these clients perform a maneuver to enhance the absorption of the agent in which they attempt to blow air out of their lungs while they seal the lips to prevent the release of air from the mouth, other medical complications of the heart and lung such as pneumomediastinum or pneumopericardium can occur .
Drug users, whether of cocaine or other illicit substances, experience impairment of judgment, and this may lead to promiscuous sex and unprotected intercourse. This places them at risk for the acquisition of sexually transmitted diseases such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Additionally, they become at risk for transmission of viral hepatitis and HIV when they share needles and syringes with other people [1, 2].