Because the field of psychotherapy for sex trauma victims is still developing there is no one proven best way to work with children and teens. Some clinics offer only individual therapy while others offer a combination of individual and group formats.
Research has shown that cognitive-behavioural therapy seems best suited to treat phobias (extreme fears that cause avoidant behaviours) and depression as well as one-time traumatic events. When the abuse continued over a long period of time, it is best to use a variety of therapeutic tools.
The more classic form of talk therapy, called dynamic psychotherapy, is not effective in the treatment of children or adolescents who were abused.
For many children and teenagers, art therapy, movement therapy, sand therapy, zootherapy (use of animals in treatment), or other interesting forms of therapy can help them get over the negative effects of the abuse.
All these terms will be discussed below.