What is Scotch? ‘Scotch whisky’, or simply ‘Scotch’ as it is commonly shortened to, is a general term for the 5 types of whisky that are produced in Scotland. The types of Scotch whisky are strictly defined by law and custom, according to how they are produced and what goes into them. All types of Scotch whisky are created by distilleries and aged in oak barrels for at least three years, however.
People have been making whisky in Scotland for hundreds of years, with the first written reference to it being made in 1495 by a friar in Fife called John Cor. Between 1644 and 1823 there were heavy taxes on whisky production which resulted in most Scotch being produced illegally.