Some gardeners are scared of having living animals in their gardens, but I believe that the world is for all creatures to share, and so when some creature comes to my allotment plot, I don't want to drive it away,al though I do want to protect my crops from predators. Over the years I have kept my eyes open to the creatures that come and go. Some remain a long time, whereas others are occasional visitors
Wildlife on the allotment
Allotment plots, being larger than gardens, are places where wildlife can be found, if you are alert to it.
All plot holders are aware of bugs, insects that we encounter as part of our gardening. Some, such as aphids, known as greenfly, are unwelcome because of the destructiveness of their presence, but nature is about conflict. We cannot love every bug in our gardens. Others, such as earthworms are friends, and our compost heaps fill with red brandling worms, which love the heat of the heap and cannot thrive without it. When the heap cools only their eggs remain, along with the ubiquitous and harmless woodlice, whose presence is a sign that the heap has cooled. The compost heap is a menagerie of insects, and the frogs who dwell in the garden think so, but they regard it as a larder, so when I turn my heap I disturb small frogs that are feasting on the bug life. They hibernate in the compost heap in winter, in the residual warmth left by decomposition. I try to leave them at peace. Their tadpoles are visible in the pond in Spring, next year's slug defences, for frogs love to eat slugs and snails. This is a key point about wildlife, we might love all creatures great and small, but they often see each other as meals.
But today I found something that I have never had before, an ants nest. What's more, it was nicely hidden behind a plank that I was using to form the edge of a raised bed. When weeding I found my hands covered by ants, and curious, I moved the plank. I saw a cross section through the nest, you could even see the tunnels and the flies that had entered, either to feed on the ants or to be food. The ants swarm around angrily [what an anthropomorphism, but I would be angry if my wall was knocked down] before retreating to safety. I replaced the plank and left them in peace.
Other bugs are found. Yesterday I spotted a lesser stag beetle, and some time ago a solitary green tortoise beetle, a tiny creature scuttling among the plants. This was the only time that I have seen one of these. Yet ladybirds [ladybugs] are common and welcome, as they attack aphids, and also welcome are the bumblebees, that flit from my borage and lavender plants to sip the nectar in my bee friendly flower beds. Where they nest I know not, but they are why my apple trees are so full of fruit. We also have honeybees, as one of my colleagues keeps them on his plot. They assist the bumble bees in pollination, though the bumblebees are better at it.
But slugs and snails are a menace, especially to cabbages, and while I have seen few slugs this year, there have been snails a-plenty.
I also observed a water boatman, an insect that can walk across the surface of water using the surface tension, on my pond. It must have been blown in by the wind. But I only saw it once, and the frog I suppose took an interest in this free meal. Which explains why I saw it only once!
|The Wild Garden|
I am not best of friends with every bird in the garden, for the wood pigeons in this country have learned to raid crops, and they love members of the brassica family, such as cabbages and cauliflowers. You can see the holes that they have pecked in your plants. What's the solution? Easy, in Spring I am getting a Walk-in Wonderwall, a large netting cloche that prevents birds and slugs from attacking. The pigeons can do as they please then. But they did eat my cherries. However, the cherry trees are being felled this winter and a new greenhouse put in place. They are not my best trees, and they are outgrowing the size suitable for a small plot.
I like the robin. She, I know that it is a she because of its red-brown breast, the male having a deep red one , follows me around when I am digging. This is not affection, but hunger, as she seeks the insects that the spade disturbs. She keeps her distance and if I ever get within a certain distance of her she flies off. There is also the wren, a tiny bird that dwells in the hedge behind the plot. She flits from branch to branch, never stopping for fear of all the creatures larger than her. I would like her to stop so that I could view at leisure, but she is not working to my agenda.Blackbirds and crows caw in the trees, but they never descend when I am present, the crow is far too intelligent to allow itself to come too near. They are the intellectuals of the bird world and have quite a lot of innate cunning. They probably wait for me to go before descending.
One which I would have liked to have seen was the heron, though it did some damage. The area where I live is close to the world famous Manchester Ship Canal, the historic Bridgewater Canal and the river Mersey but a mile or so away, so we have much water for these fish eaters to feast in.They have a habit of touring ornamental ponds to devour any expensive fish unprotected by careless owners. I think that the heron saw my pond and perched on the apple tree near it to observe, but its weight broke two branches, and it decided not to hang around afterwards.
Strangely, I do not have much trouble with grey squirrels, though many gardeners hate them for digging up their plantings. I have found the occasional rat, but they keep away from humans. I know where they nest, in the neglected compost heap on plot 8b,[ I am on plot 7.] It needs to be cleared, but we are all a bit nervous of what we will unearth, for letting rats loose in large numbers is not good. Leave well alone at the moment! Where the wood mice live I do not know, but I know that they are around, as peas can sometimes be nibbled.But we will see none in winter, as they like to settle in houses and sheds against the cold.
I once found bank voles hiding in my empty compost bin, having tunneled their way in to escape from a wet winter when their habitats were awash. I shut the bin quickly to avoid disturbing the creatures that I had encountered, as I did not want to frighten them away, but even my opening the bin was more than they could bear, and they went elsewhere, I know not where. I was saddened, as I wanted them to have a home for the winter.
Hedgehogs I have tried to attract for years, and eventually I found a live one, but a friend noticed that it was ill, probably poisoned by slug pellets, not on my plot are these poisonous things used, and he took it to a hedgehog sanctuary, and I have seen none since. Sad.
Finally there is the arch predator, the fox that dwells under a colleague's shed, though her network of tunnels carefully provides more than one exit. I find her tracks, it is a vixen that we saw sunbathing on a patch of bare ground and looking at us with a "What are you going to do about it?" look. Occasionally I find the feathers of a wood pigeon strewn in a sheltered place on my plot, for she likes to dine in comfort. I sometimes find her tracks on the soil. She and humans must learn to live together. She is cunning enough to survive by her wits, and townsfolk don't hate foxes, so why would we want rid of them?
There is a tension in gardening, we must prevent pests, otherwise our food crops will be eaten, but we should realize that we are but one species in the world and that other species belong here as well. Self protection and care, an eternal contradiction. We are stewards of creation, responsible for carefully, fruitfully and productively managing it for ourselves and all creatures in it.
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Thanks for all that good info Frank. I am looking at Semaspore Bait which kills grasshoppers only "does not hurt humans, pets or wildlife". It must be applied when they are young, which is too late for me this year. I'll clean up the garden good once everything is gone by, and will also till the ground next spring. They congregate in my backyard garden only. The only plants they seem to be avoiding are the cucumbers and zucchini. I remember beginning to see them in the Italian oregano, which is a perennial. I bet they overwinter, and hatch in that. I may pull it up in fall. Thanks for your help, and I'll have to remember to report back with results.
Over here in Britain we do not have a problem with grasshoppers, so I have no direct experience of them. However, the technique to follow is integrated pest management, which combines methods of pest control thoughtfully. The first step is cultivational, clearing the habitat that they dwell in, and putting barriers such as netting in place. Often insects hide under plant debris, so ensure that any is cleared away. Next comes insecticides, though these are problematic long term, metarhizium is recommended. However, the best method is biological control. Find something that eats grasshoppers. I use frogs to devour pests, but as you are in the USA you need to look up the biological agents available in your country. Encouraging predatory birds and insectivorous mammals is useful. I cannot find any nematodes that destroy grasshoppers, sorry!
A cultivational method for next year is to find out where the larvae overwinter and destroy the habitat. I did this with the damson sawfly that infected a tree on a neighbouring neglected plot [plot 8, I have mentioned it in the article.] As they overwinter in cells in the soil, I dug up the area around the damson tree to expose the cells. Since then we have had no problem with sawfly, though I could not stop fungus attacking my tree.
Their even eating kale, which has chemical defences against predation, shows the scale of the problem. Netting with a smaller mesh might work as part of your overall strategy. Good luck. Keep me informed, as this is a challenge that I need to follow up.
I garden like you do Frank, and appreciate the wildlife and know that we have to share the environment. But this year the grasshoppers are eating everything. From what I've read, I can put some bait down in Spring to kill off the hatching critters, but for now I think I have to live with them. Do you have any suggestions? I just planted kale seeds for fall, but the stinkers are chewing it as soon as it comes up. I covered it, but don't know if that will work.
Thanks. Trying to identify the types of insect is an ongoing task, there are just so many of them.
Another enjoyable vignette.from your garden place! I especially enjoyed the part about the birds. For some reason, those winged creatures become more fascinating with each passing year.
Today I leaned on my fork while I watched the dance, as small cabbage white butterflies flitted and bees of three kinds, honey, bumble and red mason, all performed their repertoire in the blue borage flowers. Flies and beetles, some of which I cannot identify, joined in, all under a lightly cloudy sky accompanied by a warm, moist south westerly wind; and as I was leaving the robin came and perched for a few moments on my haversack, which was lying on the path, before she dived on the soil and flew off with a grub for lunch. Beautiful!
I live in a crowded city of Bangalore but I have a small plot in the urban landscape which I call my garden. I am amazed to see how efficiently you can classify the insects and name the bugs in your garden. Many times I see insects that I did not know existed on earth, some are colorful and some scary. I wish I knew their names at least.
I am not an expert in gardening and I cannot differentiate the beneficial insects from the harmful ones. I do get upset if they are feeding on my small basil herb and flowering plants. I haven't applied the toxic pest control and I hope even if I do, it will be on rare occassions.
Many gardeners do not realize the insects and bees are required to nurture the balance of the eco-system. Most of the insects fall in beneficial category, applying chemicals to eradicate them is wrong.
I love the fact that you believe in peaceful co-existence of other species with humans. Sadly we as humans are only exterminating and becoming reasons for their extinction. Humans have definitely expedited the extinction process.
You have a lot of creatures who visit your plot, and they must give much pleasure in the watching.