World Rhino Day September 22nd: Black, Indian, Javan, Sumatran, White

by DerdriuMarriner

World Rhino Day celebrates on September 22nd the endangered five: Black and white rhinos in Africa and Indian, Javan, and Sumatran rhinoceroses in Asia.

World Rhino Day celebrates captive and wild rhinoceroses

Births are causes for joy, particularly regarding the world’s five endangered rhino species:

• Black and white rhinos in Africa;
• Indian (also called greater one-horned), Javan, and Sumatran rhinoceroses in Asia.

So 2015’s World Rhino Day begins auspiciously on September 22nd with images and information respecting the continued well-being of a 167.55-pound (76-kilogram) calf born on September 6th. Bali (“Strong”) counts as:

• 19-year-old Behan’s fourth captive-bred delivery;
• the world’s fourth zoo-bred delivery, with one in the United States of America and three in Europe, since 2014;
• ZSL Whipsnade Zoo’s fourteenth delivery since 1957.

But World Rhino Day does not forget the environmental degradation, lucrative predation, and population declines which inspire its World Wildlife Foundation-South Africa launching in 2010.

*****

Websites:
https://www.facebook.com/WorldRhinoDay
https://www.savetherhino.org/
http://www.worldrhinoday.org/videos/

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Distribution Map for White rhino (Ceratotherium simum), Black rhino (Diceros bicornis), Indian rhino (Rhinoceros unicornis), Javan rhino (Rhinoceros sondaicus), and Sumatra rhino (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis)

Blank World Map: Canuckguy; Indian rhino: Christophe cagé; Javan + Sumatran Rhinos: JayHenry; derivative work: NordNordWest
Blank World Map: Canuckguy; Indian rhino: Christophe cagé; Javan + Sumatran Rhinos: JayHenry; derivative work: NordNordWest

World Rhino Day defends Africa’s/Asia’s iconic flagship/keystone/obligate/umbrella species

 

Save The Rhino estimates that from total populations of 500,000 at the beginning of the twentieth century, the twenty-first century’s conserved and wild numbers break down to:

• 61 Javan rhinos;

• 99? Sumatran rhinos;

• 3,333 Indian rhinos;

• 5,055 black rhinos;

• 20,405 white rhinos.

So scientists fret about twenty-first century rhinoceros extinctions foreshadowed by:

  • the death of northern white rhino Nabiré (November 15, 1983 – July 27, 2015) in Czech Republic’s Dvůr Králové Zoo and the fragility of survivors Nola in California’s San Diego Zoo and Fatu, Nájin, and Sudan in Kenya’s Ol Pejeta;
  • the demise of Mshindi (“Warrior,” 1993 – September 16, 2015), the black rhinoceros paint-artist of Colorado’s Denver Zoo.

They give wild rhinoceros sustainability just one decade more. 

 

Nabiré (November 15, 1983 – July 27, 2015)

Northern White Rhinos at Dvůr Králové Zoo, Czech zoo park
Colin Groves et al., "The Sixth Rhino" (2010), Figure 9
Colin Groves et al., "The Sixth Rhino" (2010), Figure 9

World Rhino Day encourages ecosystem activism and environmental awareness

 

Agro-industrial development, financial constraints, globally warmed climate change, governmental inaction/naïveté, habitat loss, hide/horn/meat poachers, natural disasters, and resource pollution hold responsibility. For example, South Africa is host to most of the world’s black and white rhinoceros populations. At the same time, the Republic joins other African and Asian countries in worst poaching experiences, as articulated by:

• black market prices of $1,100 to $5,550 per ounce of rhinoceros horn;

• poacher-effected deaths of 7 rhinos in 2007 and 1,004 in 2013;

• poacher-implemented slaughters of 749 rhinos, January 1 – August 27, 2015.

Fortunately, twenty-first century Earthlings know that environmental education, governmental enforcement, and scientific examination facilitate 30+-year life cycles and natural  histories and terrestrial presences beyond their 40,000,000+-year-old fossil evidences. 

 

Sumatran rhino Mother with four-day-old juvenile: Ratu and Andatu, Day 4

Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) is the smallest rhino species.
photo by S. Ellis
photo by S. Ellis

World Rhino Day furnishes group, individual, outdoor fun

 

Rhinoceros activism and awareness lead to classroom, museum, park, reserve, and zoo events worldwide. They make amateur, expert, and newbie wildlife-lovers savvy about rhino-related arts, crafts, games, tasks, and writing at captive breeding and rhinoceros protection areas in:

• Australia;

• Canada, Czech Republic;

• Germany;

• India, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy;

• Kuwait;

• Namibia;

• South Africa, Swaziland;

• United Kingdom, United States;

• Vietnam;

• Zimbabwe.

So they number as most beloved endeavors lecturing, playing, and sponsoring art, donation, and literary competitions.

 

Each year offers something special, with favorites:

• collecting yearly posters;

• competing in races;

• painting fingernails (made of keratin, like rhino horns);

• participating in Save the Rhino’s Mount Kilimanjaro climb by way of the less-traveled Rongai route and with visits to Mkomazi National Park. 

 

Black rhinos (Diceros bicornis) in Ngorongoro Crater, Tanzania

East Africa within the African Great Lakes region
East Africa within the African Great Lakes region

Acknowledgment

 

My special thanks to:

  • Talented artists and photographers/concerned organizations who make their fine images available on the Internet;
  • Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University for superior on-campus and on-line resources.

 

Indian rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis), Kaziranga National Park, Assam, India

northeastern India
northeastern India

Sources Consulted

 

Amanda. 22 September 2015. “This World Rhino Day, Meet Sudan -- the Last Male Northern White Rhino in the World.” Zebra @ Books LIVE > Blog. Podcast Powered by podPress. Retrieved September 22, 2015.

  • Available @ http://zebra.bookslive.co.za/blog/2015/09/22/this-world-rhino-day-meet-sudan-the-last-male-northern-white-rhino-in-the-world/

“Animal Lovers Come Together to Celebrate World Rhino Day.” AOL Inc. > News > 22 September 2015. Retrieved September 22, 2015.

  • Available @ http://www.aol.com/article/2015/09/22/why-the-rhino-species-needs-your-help/21238977/

Banham, Penny. 22 September 2015. “World Rhino Day.” A Changing Wild World: The Environment and Conservation. Blog Powered by WordPress / The Yoko Theme. Retrieved September 22, 2015.

  • Available @ https://achangingwildworld.wordpress.com/tag/world-rhino-day/

“Female Nabiré, One of the Last Five Northern White Rhinos, Died.” Zoo Dvůr Králové > English > News > 28 July 2015. Retrieved September 22, 2015.

  • Available @ http://www.zoodvurkralove.cz/en/news/4226-odstavec-female-nabire-one-of-the-last-five-northern-white-rhinos-died/

Gilchrist, Jason. 22 September 2015. “World Rhino Day 2015: Spy-cam Rhinos to Take on Poachers with Devices Hidden in Their Horns.” Yahoo! News > UK & Ireland. Retrieved September 22, 2015.

  • Available @ https://uk.news.yahoo.com/world-rhino-day-spy-cam-075704181.html#AtFb92y

Joyner, Alfred. 22 September 2015. “World Rhino Day: Greater One-horned Rhino Born at Whipsnade Zoo [video].” International Business Times > Science > Environment. Retrieved September 22, 2015.

  • Available @ http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/world-rhino-day-greater-one-horned-rhino-born-whipsnade-zoo-video-1520610 

Martin, Sean. 22 September 2015. “World Rhino Day 2015: Rhinoceroses in Numbers.” Yahoo! News > UK & Ireland. Retrieved September 22, 2015.

  • Available @ https://uk.news.yahoo.com/world-rhino-day-2015-rhinoceroses-135946428.html#220cxhh

News Desk. 21 September 2014. “Activists Celebrate World Rhino Day across the Globe.” PBS NewsHour > The Rundown > Environment. Retrieved September 22, 2015.

  • Available @ http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/activists-celebrate-world-rhino-day-across-globe/

"Rhino Climb Kilimanjaro." Save the Rhino > Assets. Retrieved September 22, 2015.

  • Available @ http://www.savetherhino.org/assets/0000/3192/RhinoClimbKili12InfoPackFlexiDates.pdf 

“State of the Rhino.” International Rhino Foundation > Rhinos. Retrieved September 22, 2015.

  • Available @ http://www.rhinos.org/state-of-the-rhino/

“World Rhino Day.” 11 Alive-TV > Video > News > Entertainment. Retrieved September 22, 2015.

  • Available @ http://www.11alive.com/videos/entertainment/2015/09/22/world-rhino-day-/72605430/

"World Rhino Day." Racine Zoo > Events. Retrieved September 22, 2015.

  • Available @ https://www.racinezoo.org/world-rhino-day 

“World Rhino Day at the STL Zoo.” KSDK.com > Video > News. Retrieved September 22, 2015.

  • Available @ http://www.ksdk.com/videos/news/local/2015/09/19/world-rhino-day-at-the-stl-zoo/72465368/

"World Rhino Day -- 5 Favourite Rhino Moments." Traveller 24 > Explore > Bush. Retrieved September 22, 2015.

  • Available @ http://traveller24.news24.com/explore/bush/world-rhino-day-5-favourite-rhino-moments-20150922 

"World Rhino Day -- Rhinos Facing Extinction." Retrieved September 22, 2015.

  • Available @ http://www.wdrb.com/story/30087936/world-rhino-day-rhinos-facing-extinction 

“World Rhino Day 2015.” Save the Rhino > Events. Retrieved September 22, 2015.

  •  Available @ https://www.savetherhino.org/events/1303_world_rhino_day_2015

 

 

Black rhino (Diceros bicornis) in Tanzania

East Africa within the African Great Lakes region
East Africa within the African Great Lakes region
the end which is also the beginning
the end which is also the beginning

14k Gold Rhinoceros Charm for Charm Bracelet by The Magic Zoo ~ Available now via Amazon

Unique 14K gold jewelry design made in America by Magic Zoo Artist Merry Rosenfield, who notes: "I created this piece with respect and the hope that the wild rhino will continue to roam it's habitat for as long as the earth turns on it's axis."
rhino-themed jewelry

Rhinoceros by Salvador Dalí: Available as Collectible Print (Intaglio Print) ~ Available now via AllPosters

Rhinoceros

Me and my purrfectly purrfect Maine coon kittycat, Augusta "Gusty" Sunshine

Gusty and I thank you for reading this article and hope that our product selection interests you; Gusty Gus receives favorite treats from my commissions.
DerdriuMarriner, All Rights Reserved
DerdriuMarriner, All Rights Reserved
Updated: 09/23/2015, DerdriuMarriner
 
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