Young Readers Book Review of Capoeira, a Martial Art and a Cultural Tradition: Chant, Clap, Dance

by DerdriuMarriner

Young Readers’ Book Review of Capoeira, a Martial Art and a Cultural Tradition: Chant, Clap, Dance, Dodge, Sing and Sway to African Brazil’s Lively Martial Art

Capoeira forms an important part of modern African American culture.

The African American cultural manifestation usually is described as a unique martial art that combines and hones the skills of acrobats, athletes, dancers, and game-players.

Jane Atwood situates the distinct martial art within its modern African American and historic African Brazilian expressions in her “Capoeira: a martial art and a cultural tradition” contribution to Rosen Publishing Group’s Library of African American Arts and Culture series.

artistry and athleticism of capoeira

"Peça de teatro, Besouro Cordão de Ouro"
"Peça de teatro, Besouro Cordão de Ouro"

 

Capoeira: a martial art and a cultural tradition is a logically organized and nicely illustrated book for young readers aged 12+, in the seventh grade and up.

Capoeira demands reflexes and wits. It is an ancient activity in Brazil. It is recognized as a new activity worldwide, particularly in the United States of America.

Capoeira’s original and present manifestations are discussed in Capoeira, written by Jane Atwood and published by Rosen Publishing Group, Inc. in 1999. The book forms part of the publisher’s Library of African American Arts and Culture series. Other titles include:

  • African American Quilting: The warmth of tradition and Kwanzaa! Africa lives in a new world festival by Sule Greg Wilson; 
  • Blues: its birth and growth by Howard Elmer;
  • Jam! The story of jazz music by Jeanne Lee; 
  • Jazz Tap: From African drums to American feet by Anne E. Johnson; 
  • Rap and Hip Hop: The voice of a generation by Sherry Ayazi-Hashjin; and 
  • The African American Kitchen: Food for body and soul by George Erdosh.

The first of six chapters defines capoeira as a martial art dance-, music-, play-, and theater-like in entertainment. Capoeira imparts philosophy and self-defense. It ultimately is a life-affirming ritual whose origins are unknown.

Chapter 2 considers capoeira’s history. It is suggested that capoeira originated as an African Brazilian slave dance. Capoeira’s evolution may have been influenced by cultural memories of N’golo (Angola’s ancient puberty “dance of the zebras”) and sanga (ancient sword dance). It particularly was practiced on quilombos (communities of escaped slaves) in Brazil.

Capoeira endures despite sixteenth through twentieth-century opposition from government officials and plantation owners. It honors three practitioners, whose biographies are given in Chapter 6:

  • Mestre Besouro (Manoel Enrique Pereira, 1895-1924) is honored in capoeira chants;
  • Mestre Bimba (Manuel dos Reis Machado, 1899-1974) is memorialized for founding batuque-influenced (“sudden attack”) capoeira regional;
  • Mestre Pastinha (1889-1981) is remembered for founding tradition-bound capoeira Angola.

Capoeira triumphs nowadays as a Brazilian Boxing Federation-regulated sport (1972-) and an Olympic sport (2004-).

Chapters 3 and 4 explain capoeira’s musicality. Music includes participants chanting in a circle within which practitioners interact. It also involves the rhythms of the:

  • atabaque (conga drum);
  • berimbau (bow with gourd); and
  • pandeiro (tambourine).

It signals how capoeiristas (capoeira players) move, as identified in Chapter 6:

  • cartwheels;
  • dodges;
  • swings; and
  • takedowns.

Capoeira is a marvelously elucidating book to which readers of all ages will want permanent access, to learn and review the African American expression of African Brazil’s martial art, dance and game.

 

mural of capoeira

Capoeira Hawaii, 1007 Waimanu Street, Honolulu, Hawaii
Capoeira Hawaii, 1007 Waimanu Street, Honolulu, Hawaii

Acknowledgment

 

My special thanks to talented photographers and concerned organizations who make their fine images available on the internet.

 

Image Credits

 

"Peça de teatro, Besouro Cordão de Ouro": irene nobrega from Brasil, CC BY 2.0, via via Wikimedia Commons @ https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Capoeira_(1281347704).jpg

Capoeira Hawaii, 1007 Waimanu Street, Honolulu, Hawaii: Tara Severns, CC BY 2.0, via Flickr @ https://www.flickr.com/photos/snokite/2890403498/

 

the end which is also the beginning
the end which is also the beginning

The Little Capoeira Book, Revised Edition, by Nestor Capoeira

Includes how-to guide with photographs to show basic moves for beginners. Drawings depict techniques. Presents versions in both capoeira branches (Angola, Regional).
The Little Capoeira Book, Revised Edition

A Street-Smart Song: Capoeira Philosophy and Inner Life by Nestor Capoeira

Includes historical photos; sketches of weapons and instruments; and fully illustrated, step-by-step fighting movements.
A Street-Smart Song: Capoeira Philosophy and Inner Life

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Me and my purrfectly purrfect Maine coon kittycat, Augusta "Gusty" Sunshine

Gusty and I thank you for reading this article and hope that our product selection interests you; Gusty Gus receives favorite treats from my commissions.
DerdriuMarriner, All Rights Reserved
DerdriuMarriner, All Rights Reserved
Updated: 01/04/2023, DerdriuMarriner
 
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