Film Review: Enemy of the Reich: The Noor Inayat Khan Story

by DerdriuMarriner

Enemy of the Reich: The Noor Inayat Khan Story describes the life of the first female radio operator secreted through the Special Operations Executive into German-occupied France.

Nadia Boulanger's harp and piano student goes undercover

Enemy of the Reich: The Noor Inayat Khan Story, directed and produced by Robert H. Gardner and narrated by Dame Helen Mirren, accords honor to one of World War II’s (September 1, 1939 – September 2, 1945) most unlikely but most successful Special Operations Executive (SOE) covert operatives in German-occupied France.

It brings to light Noor-un-Nisa’s (Light among Women) professional achievements as:
• children’s book author of Twenty Jataka Tales of compassion and non-violence in 1939;
• children’s nurse associated with the Red Cross;
• first female radio operator secreted from England to help the French Resistance; and
• last surviving clandestine operative in war-torn Paris.

The 55-minute biographical documentary indeed concentrates upon Noor’s four months code-named:
• Jeanne-Marie Renier;
• Madeleine;
• Nora Baker.

*****

Websites:
http://www.elhibrifoundation.org/
http://www.pbs.org/program/enemy-reich/

*****

Hon. Assistant Section Officer Noor Inayat Khan (code name Madeleine), wireless operator with F Section, Special Operations Executive, Royal Air Force, Women's Auxiliary Air Force

Imperial War Museums, London
Imperial War Museums, London

Sorbonne's child psychology student has language, radio skills

 

The narration describes Noor (January 2, 1914 – September 13, 1944) as:

  • daughter of Hazrat Inayat Khan (July 5, 1882 – February 5, 1927) and Ameena Begum (Ora Ray Baker, May 8, 1892 – May 1, 1949);
  • great-great-great-granddaughter of Tipu Sultan (November 20, 1750 – May 4, 1799), Tiger of Mysore against British-colonized India;
  • multi-cultural multi-linguist in England (at Bloomsbury), France (Suresnes), and Russia (St. Petersburg); and
  • supporter of Indian independence.

It evidences Noor’s qualifications through:

  • enlistment in Women’s Auxiliary Air Force (WAAF) on November 19, 1940;
  • promotion from Aircraftwoman 2nd Class wireless operation to bomber training school and section officer assistance; and
  • recruitment into SOE’s F (France) Section.

It focuses upon Noor’s embracing Hazrat’s activist-directed, divine-filled, lie-free, music-infused, Sufi-interpreted reality. 

 

Noor's father, North Indian classical musician and founder and teacher of Universal Sufism, Hazrat Inayat Khan: 1916 portrait

archive of Sufi Movement Russia: digital scan by Sergey Moskalev
archive of Sufi Movement Russia: digital scan by Sergey Moskalev

Texts individualize Noor's 18-character bluff-checks per Leo Marks

 

History gives Noor super-performances, June 17 to October 13, 1943, despite Physician/Prosper network head Francis Suttill’s (March 17, 1910 – March 23, 1945) arrest June 24th. Croix de Guerre, Dispatches Mention, and George Cross honor Noor’s:

  • besting Karl Bömelburg (October 28, 1885 - January 1, 1946), Hans Kieffer (December 4, 1900 – June 26, 1947), and Ernst Vogt;
  • escaping November 25th from 84 Avénue Foch with Léon Faye (June 10, 1899 – January 30, 1945) and John Starr (died 1996);
  • experiencing assaults, isolation, shackles; and
  • relocating to Pforzheim November 27th.

Info-trails indicate Yolande Beekman’s (born November 7, 1911), Madeleine Damerment’s (born November 11, 1917), Noor’s, and Eliane Browne-Bartroli Plewman’s (born December 6, 1917) executions at Dachau September 13, 1944.

 

Enemy of the Reich: The Noor Inayat Khan Story ~ Amazon Instant Video: Rent or Buy with 1-Click®

Noor Inayat Khan biographies

Treacherous Pierre Cartaud, Henri, Renée Garry justify betrayals

 

So Enemy of the Reich: The Noor Inayat Khan Story juxtaposes geo-historically insightful documents, images, interviews, and performances through:

  • Drs. Thomas Childers, Hanna Diamond, Matthew D. Green, Juliette Pattinson, Homayra Ziad;
  • John Danley (Henri Déricourt), Joe Isenberg (Leo), Thomas Keegan (Francis), Jeff Mocho (Karl), Emilie Moskal (Mrs. Pinchon), Grace Srinivasan (Noor), Mike Sullivan (Maurice Buckmaster), Ryan Thomas (John), Lisa Tuvalo (Madame Balachowsky);
  • Charles David Denler, composer;
  • Carrie Gardner, co-producer/writer;
  • Char Gardner, producer;
  • Nick Gardner, cinematographer;
  • Robert H. Gardner, director/producer;
  • David Harper, Pir Zia Inayat-Khan, nephews;
  • Dame Helen Mirren, narrator;
  • Pat Moran + Associates, casting specialist;
  • Jeremy Morrison, editor/producer;
  • North Baltimore Mennonite Church, 4615 Roland Avenue, Maryland;
  • Public Broadcasting Service;
  • Rebecca Shpak, production designer; and
  • Unity Productions Foundation. 

 

Enemy of the Reich: The Noor Inayat Khan Story - Trailer

Published on YouTube on December 19, 2013 by unityproductionsfnd ~ URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X2nM12xbAUM

Acknowledgment: Vanishing acts keep Noor in Night and Fog

 

My special thanks to:

  • Talented artists and photographers/concerned organizations who make their fine images available on the Internet;
  • Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University for superior on-campus and on-line resources.

 

Dame Helen Mirren narrated "Enemy of the Reich: The Noor Inayat Khan Story."

Berlin, Germany: screening of The Debt (Eine offene Rechnung), September 18, 2011
Berlin, Germany: screening of The Debt (Eine offene Rechnung), September 18, 2011

Sources Consulted: Violence loses whenever Twenty Jataka Tales get read

 

Basu, Shrabani. 2007. Spy Princess: The Life of Noor Inayat Khan. Omega Publications, Inc.

Dalton, Samantha. 8 November 2012. “Noor Inayat Khan: The Indian Princess Who Spied for Britain.” BBC: News > UK. Retrieved April 2015.

  • Available at: http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-20240693

"Enemy of the Reich: The Noor Inayat Khan Story." PBS.org. Premiered September 9, 2014. Retrieved April 2015.

  • Available at: http://www.pbs.org/program/enemy-reich/

Fuller, Jean Overton. 1988. Noor-un-nisa Inayat Khan (Madeleine). With a Foreword by Baroness Ward of North Tyneside. East-West Publications.

Inayat Khan, Hazrat. 2006. Nature Meditations. Omega Publications, Inc.

Inayat Khan, Noor. 2013. King Akbar’s Daughter: Stories for Everyone as Told by Noor Inayat Khan. Omega Publications, Inc.

Inayat Khan, Noor. 1985. Twenty Jataka Tales. Illustrated by H. Willebeek Le Mair. Inner Traditions.

Inayat-Khan, Pir Zia. (Compiler and Editor). 2013. Caravan of Souls: An Introduction to the Sufi Path of Hazrat Inayat Khan. Omega Publications, Inc.

Kronemer, Alexander. September 8, 2014 (Updated November 8, 2014). “The Noor Inayat Khan Story, A Muslim Heroine Who Fought the Nazis in WWII.” Huff Post: Religion > Islam. The Huffington Post.com, Inc. Retrieved April 2015.

  • Available at: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/alexander-kronemer/noor-inayat-khan-muslim_b_5785576.html

Perrin, Nigel. “Noor Inayat Khan.” SOE Agent Profiles. Retrieved April 2015.

  • Available at: http://nigelperrin.com/soe-noor-inayat-khan.htm#.VR2aAyvIa1Q

Simkin, John. September 1997 (Updated August 2014). “Noor Inayat Khan.” Spartacus Educational: Second World War > Secret Service. Retrieved April 2015.

  • Available at: http://spartacus-educational.com/SOEnoor.htm 

 

Unveiling ceremony for memorial to Noor Inayat Khan was held on November 8, 2012.

Gordon Square, Bloomsbury, Borough of Camden, central London
Gordon Square, Bloomsbury, Borough of Camden, central London
the end which is also the beginning
the end which is also the beginning

The Seine at Suresnes: 1877 oil on canvas by Alfred Sisley (October 30, 1839 – January 29, 1899) ~ Giclée print ~ available via AllPosters

During her imprisonment, Noor Inayat Khan may have recalled memories of her family home, Fazal Manzil (“House of Blessing”), in Suresnes, France.
The Seine at Suresnes, 1877

Me and my purrfectly purrfect Maine coon kittycat, Augusta "Gusty" Sunshine

Gusty and I thank you for reading this article and hope that our product selection interests you; Gusty Gus receives favorite treats from my commissions.
DerdriuMarriner, All Rights Reserved
DerdriuMarriner, All Rights Reserved
Updated: 04/02/2015, DerdriuMarriner
 
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