From cold climes of Siberia the tiger migrated to India about ten thousand years ago. It probably found shelter in the Sunderbans a dense estuary in West Bengal. The big cat is thus named as Bengal Tiger and it has spread all across the subcontinent wherever it could find suitable habitat. The scientific nomenclature of Indian or Bengal tiger is panthera tigris tigris. It is found in Nepal, Bangladesh, Burma and India. The latter holds fifty percent of the global population.
For a long time Bengal tiger dominated the verdant landscapes as an apex predator till depredation and denudation took is toll. The over hunted big cat is now critically endangered and survives in protected areas or tiger reserves which are conservation units.
Assisted by Project Tiger Program which oversees the reserves and protected by a strict mechanism, the number of this species is slowly and painstakingly rising. Will the tiger make a come back it is too early to say. For the beleaguered species its fate lies in hands of policy makers and those who execute the conservation impetus. Public at large has to play a role as well by their advocacy for the survival of this species and a desire to conserve India's inheritance. It is important that humans albeit those out of the fold of administration act as an effective pressure group and keep the momentum going.