From the cold climes of Siberia, the tiger migrated to India about ten thousand years ago. It probably found shelter in the Sunderbans a dense estuary in West Bengal. The big cat is thus named as Bengal Tiger and it has spread all across the subcontinent wherever it could find suitable habitat. The scientific nomenclature of Indian or Bengal tiger is panthera tigris tigris. It is found in Nepal, Bangladesh, Burma, and India. The latter holds fifty percent of the global population.
For a long time, the Bengal tiger dominated the verdant landscapes as an apex predator till depredation and denudation took their toll. The overhunted big cat is now critically endangered and survives in protected areas or tiger reserves which are conservation units.
Assisted by Project Tiger Program which oversees the reserves and is protected by a strict mechanism, the number of this species is slowly and painstakingly rising. Will the tiger make a come back it is too early to say. For the beleaguered species, its fate lies in hands of policymakers and those who execute the conservation impetus. The public at large has to play a role as well by their advocacy for the survival of this species and a desire to conserve India's inheritance. It is important that humans albeit those out of the fold of administration act as an effective pressure group and keep the momentum going.