Is Cross Pollination Possible Between Watermelons And Cantaloupes?
If you grow watermelons and cantaloupes, you may have at one time wondered if the two plants can cross pollinate with one another, well the answer is simple and explained here.
Watermelons and cantaloupes are two delicious summer fruits that are especially popular in warmer climate regions. The two fruits are grown in the warmer months of the year in gardens and farms throughout much of the world. If you grow these wonderful Cucurbits, have you ever considered the possibility that the two may cross pollinate? The fact is both cantaloupes and watermelons are members of the Cucurbitaceae family, the same family to which pumpkins, squash, gourds, and cucumbers belong to. Just like the other Cucurbits, watermelons and cantaloupes, love full sun, and grow very large vines. Both fruit variety types usually produce both male and female flowers and are typically pollinated by bees which transfer pollen from male to female flowers. This pollination process is a necessary function to produce cantaloupe and watermelon fruits and without it you would not be able to grow yourself or buy these fruits in the grocery store.
Is possible though for these two fruit types to cross pollinate with one another and produce a hybrid fruit that tastes like watermelon and cantaloupe or some combination thereof? Well, if cross pollination did occur, you would not be able to tell with the fruit but only if you planted from the seeds produced in the fruit from the pollination. If this were not the case you would probably find a good bit of this cross pollinated fruit each growing season simply because as fruit grown on a massive scale like this is pollinated by bees, the potential for cross pollination from neighboring crops is huge. Providing proper crop spacing and isolation for pollination that allows no crossing would be difficult, but thankfully, if crossing does occur it occurs in the next generation.
Now whether or not cross pollination occurs is a concern held primarily by those who save the seeds to plant with in future growing seasons. So can watermelons and cantaloupes cross pollinate? No. The fruit varieties are similar and different in many ways and are just too genetically dissimilar to cross pollinate with one another. Watermelons are members of the Citrullus genus and C. Lanatus species. Cantaloupes belong to the Cucumis genus and the C. Melo species. Interestingly enough, cantaloupes are actually more closely related to cucumbers as the two are in the same genus group.
So, as gardener, you can put to rest any concerns you may have about growing watermelons along side cantaloupes and the possibility of cross pollination. The two plant types will not and cannot cross with one another. As long as you or a close by neighbor is not planting another variety of watermelon or cantaloupe (in addition to the variety of each you are growing) you would not expect to have too much concern that cross pollination would alter the genetics of your true to type seed. Cross pollination can happen between varieties in the same species (and sometimes genus) for cucurbits but geographic isolation and staggered planting timing can greatly reduce the chances.
Andres, T.C. 2004. Web site for the plant family Cucurbitaceae & home of The Cucurbit Network. http://www.cucurbit.org/family.html
Wehner, T.C., Barrett, C. (1996). Intercrossability of Cucurbit Species. Cucurbit Breeding, Horticultural Science, North Carolina State University
Retrieved from: http://cuke.hort.ncsu.edu/cucurbit/cbintercross.html
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