Metal Fabrication Why Steel?

by pateluday

The page discusses and informs about the properties of steel and why is it used in fabrication.

Fabrication is a major industry in the USA and elsewhere. It is the driving force behind the construction and many other projects. The application of steel in fabrication is mind-boggling as vast industry needs components and structures made out of steel fabrication and technology is well adopting adjust with changing industry.

Why Steel?

Fabrication Material

To be precise most common material used by fabricators is lightweight structural steel which is an alloy. Albeit iron is also used but the lightweight steel is most used because of its properties which highly favorable to the whole process.   

Unlike manufacturing wherein machinery or vessels may be used to get a finished process. Fabrication involves many processes which may involve machinery, energy, and handheld activity in conjunction. The output in the case of the latter is the manipulation of the raw material and no new material is created but instead metal formed products are the end result.  

The finished product may be an end product or an intermediate. 

Steel Building Component

Canopy Structure
Steel Fabrication
Steel Fabrication

Ready Made Materials Used in Fab Shops

Raw Materials

Steel manufacturers also make many elements that are used as ready-made materials eventually used in raw shapes by fabricators. Fabrication is a complex process that involves designing using engineering drawing or computer programs, casting, lathing, cutting, stamping, machining, punching, shearing, welding, bending, shaping, and forming.  

The aim is to create steel parts, building components and accessories, and even machinery. Each steel fabrication company specializes in a particular aspect of the vast industry.

 Some of the common raw materials are: 

  • Plate metal
  • Hot rolled steel
  • Castings
  • Cold-rolled steel
  • Stainless steel
  • Fittings
  • Expanded Metal
  • Pre-Plated Metals
  • Hardware
  • Formed Metal
  • Perforated sheets
  • Flat metal
  • Sectional metal
  • Welding wire

Wide varieties of other metals including iron may also be used.  

Video on Fabrication


Light Weight Structural Steel

Steel Alloy

Properties of metal and their alloys are changed or altered using many metallurgical methods and processes. Steel is an ever-evolving metal and most versatile. The metal can meet ever-changing technological needs due to its amazing properties.  

The researchers have discovered ways and means to reduce the density of steel without losing its strength. This is wonderful for lightweight materials tend to be weaker but this is not applicable to steel hence the popularity in the fabrication industry.    

High tensile strength and durability are the key features. Low cost is an added benefit. It is extensively used in construction because of its resistance to corrosion. It is easy to use this material in the fabrication. 

Building Component

Expanded Metal
Expanded Metal

Steel Building Components

Building Parts

Fabricated steel products find extensive use as building components and structures. These parts are fundamental to the building commercial or resident to make it function-able.  Some of the components are staircase, roof and windows, ladders, gates, grills, cellar and basement doors, and so on. 

Most of the products are made by professional steel fabricators with reputation and honesty. Many companies offer fabricated products as well as complete the installation job.  


Updated: 07/13/2021, pateluday
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pateluday on 05/16/2021

When Aryans entered India they were already familiar with use of iron. This could be around 2000- 1500 BC in the Vedic Era that came after Indus Valley Civilization in India, the region is now in Pakistan, Indian Punjab and Gujarat. Picture is quiet hazy but.

DerdriuMarriner on 05/14/2021

pateluday, Thank you for pictures, practicalities and products.
Sometimes products achieve a certain level of efficiency, where they remain even though they probably could be made even more efficiently. Other products, such as steel, become better, lighter, longer-lasting, stronger.
In a somewhat related direction, do you know if ancient Indians used really hard wood for things that could have been made out of metal? Ancient Hawaiians made equipment and weapons out of wood hard as metal. In their case, it was because the archipelago was metal-poor, whereas India is resource-rich.

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