There are three women in The Devil's Backbone. The young and beautiful Conchita; the matronly Alma; and the orphanage's overseer, Carmen.
While we don't hear a great deal from Alma, they are all very strong characters. This is a movie where even what is happening in the background is worth watching, and that's Alma's realm.
Meanwhile the changing times have a much more profound place for Conchita and Carmen. They are very much in the foreground, fighting the good fight. Not one of those three women appeared as two dimensional people. The movie could have been told from the point of view of them all.
(It was also interesting to analyze The Devil's Backbone as a sovereignty tale, with Carmen playing the role of Spain Herself. Would she choose the impotent poetry of the Republic or the cold aggression of Franco's Fascism?)
With all this background and beauty, it seems incredible that the movie could possibly fail at such a low bar as the Bechdel Test allows. Yet I watched scene after scene, where the ladies stood in the same room without exchanging a word to each other.
Finally it happened! It barely counted as a conversation, but it was communication. Alma asked Carmen if she was alright. Carmen, without looking at her, answered the question. Then later Carmen spoke the words shown on my illustration above. Alma didn't verbally respond, but she did act on it.
Thus there was a pass on the Bechdel Test, but only just. It feels peevish to even award it for so little, but the Bechdel Test's standard really is that low. It seems a shame that so many movies can't even beat that.