Cyperus Papyrus is a tall, leafless aquatic plant which can grow up to 16 feet high. It has rigid, triangular stem which has a white pith inside. Papyrus is usually planted by rhizomes in moist, fertile soil in pots and then submerged in an aquatic environment or can be planted directly into 3 feet muddy soil. You can also grow papyrus from seeds. Propagation is through either seeds or division of rhizomes. Cut the rhizomes and grow them as individual plants. Papyrus needs full exposure to sun for growth and they can tolerate annual temperatures of 20 °C (68 °F) to 30 °C (86 °F). Papyrus has zero frost tolerance and should be moved indoors for the winter. If there is no enough sunlight, artificial light has to be supplied. Papyrus plants prefer moist, warm environments and hence they are suitable for water gardens and bogs.
Papyrus is first known to have been used in ancient Egypt, but it was also used through out the Mediterranean region. The modern technique of papyrus production in Egypt was developed in 1962 by the Egyptian engineer Hassan Ragab using plants that had been reintroduced into Egypt in 1872 from France, since papyrus had become extinct in Egypt. Today both Sicily and Egypt have limited papyrus production.