Pench National Park in India

by pateluday

Find write up on Pench National Park also a Tiger Reserve in India. Read about wild animals, birds you can see on tiger safari at Pench.

Pench National Park is one of the finest tiger havens on Earth. It is home to Bengal Tigers as well as amazing wild animals and birds. The biodiversity of the park is astounding and floral and fauna elements abound. The keystone specie is the tiger but the park has large number of Bison or Gaur which are the main attraction. This destination is also known as the Kipling Country as Mowgli the Wolf Child was supposed to have been born here. The Jungle Book is set in and around this famous National Park.

There are many tigers in the park hence it has been conserved under the umbrella of Project Tiger Program. The main purpose is tiger conservation but in the effort whole ecosystem benefits.

The National Park is situated in the Seoni District of Madhya Pradesh in Central India. Part of the reserve lies in the State of Maharashtra. It is about two hundred kilometers from Jabalpur City and eighty km from Nagpur. Both the cities are connected by air and rail with New Delhi and other major towns.

Tiger Portrait
Tiger Portrait
Teerath Singh

Pench Tiger Reserve Video

Pench Tiger

Pench Wildlife

National Park in India

Leopard The forests are a part of Central Indian Highlands which James Forsyth has written about so much. The tracts that extended to more than five thousand are now fragmented. Wildlife conservation efforts have helped in saving these precious jewels that we have inherited.

Pench is a wonderful tiger reserve with unique wildlife and is situated at “Seoni Hills” in the district of Seoni in Madhya Pradesh. These Hills also find reference in the book “The Highlands of Central India” written by Capt: James Forsyth.

Tiger is the keystone species here and other wild mammals, reptiles and insects are as exciting to see during the tiger safari in the park. The bird life at Pench has yet to be explored and no check list has been made so far. Large number of wetland species can be seen in winters at Totlah Doh Dam built on the River Pench which is the lifeline of the habitat.
National Park
The tiger reserve is now very famous for wildlife watching and birding tourism. A tiger safari  offers sightings of Indian Tiger, Bison, Leopard, Sloth Bear, Sambar Deer, Nilgai, Spotted Deer, Wild Dogs, Barking Deer, Wild Boars and Langurs. Indian wolf is often seen in the periphery of the tiger reserve. There are many nocturnal creatures like the mongoose, porcupine, Indian civets, ratel and many birds like night jars and some owls like mottled wood owl. These can be seen in night safaris outside the park as they are not allowed within the park confines.

For management purpose the reserve has been divided into ranges. These are Karmajhiri, Kurai and Gumtara. These ranges are subject to extensive patrolling by the forest staff in order to prevent poaching and wood logging. Adjoining the National Park lies the Mowgli Wildlife Sanctuary which adds to the forest cover.

The park is divided into Core and Buffer zones each of which receive varied degree of protection. Core is completely inviolate zone while buffer is subject to minimal activity. The tourism takes place in the core area on limited jungle roads. Only jeep safaris are allowed in the park and trekking on foot is prohibited.

Wildlife Photo Pench

Deer Photo
Spotted Deer
Spotted Deer
John Mathai

Birding at Pench

Bird watching in India

Malabar Pied Horn BillPench is rich in bird life though most of it is unexplored. The striking number of avian species makes this one of the most potential birding destination in India. Due the presence of the Totlah Doh Dam in the park there is great scope for watching wetland as well as forest birds. A large number of migrating species arrive her in winters.

Some note able avian species are:

  • Malabar Pied Hornbill
  • Shama
  • Indian Pitta
  • Eurasian Hobby
  • Hume’s warbler
  • Indian Scimitar Babbler
  • Twany Babbler
  • Booted Eagle
  • Osprey
  • Crested Serpent Eagle
  • Changeable Hawk Eagle
  • White Naped Woodpecker
  • Black Rumpled Flame Back
  • White Eyed Buzzard
  • Jungle Owlet
  • Indian Scops Owl
  • Iora
  • Yellow Eyed Babbler
  • Jungle Babbler
  • Tickell’s Flycatcher
  • Black Naped Monarch
  • Asian Paradise Flycatcher
  • Black Drongo
  • White Bellied Drongo
  • Racket Tailed Drongo
  • Golde Oriole
  • Black Headed Oriole
  • Grey Hornbill
  • Shikra
  • Spotted Owlet
  • Red Jungle Fowl
  • Painted Spurfowl
  • Red Spurfowl
  • Grey Francolin
  • Brahminy Duck
  • Northern Pintail
  • Cotton Pigmy Goose
  • Little Grebe
  • Lesser Whistling Teal
  • Wooly Necked Stork
  • Open Billed Stork
  • Black Headed Ibis
  • Red Headed Ibis
  • Wryneck
  • Pariah Kite

About three day visit is required to enjoy birding in this preserve. The best season is winters whence the migrants arrive.

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Bird Photos Pench

Brahminy Duck
Brahminy Duck
John Mathai

Flora of Pench


ench Forests are tropical dry deciduous mix type. The mix forest topography offers a large variety of fruiting trees, herbs and shrubs besides grasses. This results in an excellent food factor in which the herbivores thrive. Some of the noted trees found in the park are:

  • Saaj
  • Sagwan
  • Mahua
  • Lendyia
  • Bahera
  • Harra
  • Forest Hill Range
  • Tendu
  • Salai
  • Bel
  • Amla
  • Berry
  • Tinsa
  • Bhilma
  • Amaltas
  • Dhok or Palas
  • Arjun
  • Sarteli
  • Mokha
  • Skiras,
  • Bija
  • Char
  • Bhaman,
  • Khair

A large number of flowering trees are found at Pench. Some of the herbs include wild tulsi, touch me not, goat weed and little glory to name a few. Bamboo is found in hill slopes but is not abundant.

Tiger Photo Pench

Teerath Singh
Wild Dog
Wild Dog
Teerath Singh

Accommodation at Pench

Places to stay

Earlier in the park accommodation was available only in the forest rest house within the core area. After some time more rooms where built nearby. But all these rooms were subject to availability with preference going to public sector employees.Pench Accommodation

Gradually as tourism increased more accommodations began to come up. Initially only budget hotels were established. Later on luxury resorts at Pench with modern amenities were established. The tourism increased four fold in the nineties and consequently the accommodations also increased.Suite

All the hotels in Pench National Park are situated in the periphery near the Turia Gate. The tariff ranges from budget to five star that are owned by big hotel chains. Most of the resorts arrange tiger safaris and also assist in gate bookings for excursions.

Map Pench National Park


Pench Wildlife Posters

Cinquenta, Tigre Real
Bengal Tiger Face, Panthera Tigris, Asia
Tiger Snow
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Updated: 04/12/2021, pateluday
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pateluday 28 days ago

Increasing human population and settlements encroaching into forests.

DerdriuMarriner 29 days ago

pateluday, Thank you for practical information, pretty pictures and product lines.
What accounts for formerly 5,000-plus-square-kilometer tracts ending up fragmented? Is it part of dividing into ranges and buffer and core ranges? Or is it something else, like having to sell off land to developers for budgetary reasons?

pateluday on 09/18/2016

Pench is a tiger heaven

Raju itkelwar on 01/26/2016

This days in india
Best tigers sighting in PENCH national park

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