The Essence of Vipassana Meditation Technique

by WriterArtist

The origin of Vipassana technique lies sometime around 2000 years ago. It was discovered by Buddha and at present is taught by revered S N Goenka Guruji and the chain of teachers.

S N Goenka with his efforts and the support of Dhamma teachers, students and thousands of like-minded people established the first international Vipassana centre at Vipassana Igatpuri, India.

Vipassana Course is regularly held in this centre around the year to help people deal with the vicissitudes of life, diversities and challenges. S. N. Goenka is no more but the centers continue to operate and teach the technique in its pristine purity.

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This is a tribute to Buddha, Venerable Sayagyi U Ba Khin, Revered SN Goenka and the chain of teachers.

The Path of Vipassana Opened for World with the opening of the First International Vipassana Centre at Vipassana Igatpuri, India

Centers around world -

Centers in India -

Vipassana in Action


So, what should we do so that our mind is peaceful and does not crave every second for new objects?

It is in a continuous state of creating a chain of dis-satisfaction, dis-trust and unhappiness. Indeed, there is a way to end the misery of the mind.  

Buddha, found the lost path of freedom, happiness and enlightenment. He was a spiritual scientist nobody could possibly beat in the spiritual world.

In this eternal world, many Buddhas have taken birth to rediscover the path of enlightenment which gets lost due to complexities of maintaining the pure Dhamma and the ever presence of evil.

When in penance, it soon occurred to Buddha that we are but slaves of our desires and thus get re-born again and again due to our unfulfilled desires that keep bringing us to this world in a continuous rotation of life cycles.

The rotating wheel of birth and death is the resultant life cycle of our infinite cravings. The cravings accelerate this wheel with a force that is unequalled and unparalleled in extremity, thus continuously giving fuel to a never ending chain of rebirths or reincarnations. 

Vipassana Meditation

Vipassana Meditation Technique
Vipassana Meditation Technique
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How to Break the Chain of Cravings?


So how do you think can we stop our desires?

One way could be to check the sensory organs because that’s how we come to know about our cravings.

 Do you think by killing the sources of the cravings and the external objects, people and circumstances you can kill your endless yearnings. For you think that these external factors are responsible for continuously churning out cravings, anger, passion and desires in you.

Destroying the senses (the main sensory organs are - Eyes, Ears, Skin and Tongue) do you feel you can attain freedom from desires?

It is very vital to understand that the source of commotion is inside you and not the external factors; you cannot stop cravings by curbing external stimuli because the origin of lust, greed, anger, hatred and numerous other defilements are within us.



Words of Wisdom in Pali

By controlling self you can control defilements and put a stop to the chain of desires that is responsible for continuously regenerating fruits of the actions and the infinite cycle of re-births.

In Pali craving is referred as “Trishna”. Following is a Pali verse from Buddha’s teachings and a very deep connotation of the impermanence of all worldly things.

Anicca vata sankhara, uppadavaya-dhammino.
Uppajjitva nirujjhanti, tesam vupasamo sukho.

Impermanent truly are compounded things, by nature arising and passing away.
If they arise and are extinguished, their eradication brings happiness.

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Vipassana Course As Taught by Revered Guruji SN Goenka



The lost and un-tread path of freedom or enlightenment was re-discovered by Gautama, “The Samyak Sambuddha” about 2500 years ago.




Why do we term it as re-discovered?




Because there had been many Buddhas before Siddhartha Gautama and there will be many more Buddhas in future who will find this path of enlightenment in future “Kalpas”. 




During the era of Buddha, many benefitted by this gem, the path which helps you to find a solution to end the sufferings.




Many persons who were in this path and had attained “Paramis” during their previous births could attain “Nibbana”.




Many others could practice the “Dhamma” to strengthen their “paramis” and many other who got their first seed of Vipassana became established in Dhamma for the first time to walk on the path of “Nibbana” (Enlightenment).





After the “Maha Pari-Nibbana’ (enlightenment) of Buddha, the “Dhamma” in its pristine form remained for approximately 500 years but lost its natural form by getting distorted and falling in hands of wrong people.




The benefits and fruits of meditation were lost due to distorted facts and adulteration of dogmas, thus the original teachings and the method of meditation vanished from its origin, India and its neighbouring countries.




However, the pure Vipassana, Dhamma was preserved by a few dedicated monks and teachers in Burma, one of India’s neighbouring countries.




It got resurrected in this world with the efforts of venerable Sayagyi u Ba Khin and S N Goenka.





I am indebted to the entire chain of teachers, some of whom we do not know; that they kept the Vipassana technique in its purest form without any distortion and the entire world is receiving it through the chain of teachers established in pure “Dhamma”.

About Sayagyi U Ba Khin


Sayagyi U Ba Khin was a brilliant scholar and administrator who was born in Rangoon, the capital of Burma, in a poor family. He was the younger of two children in a household of Burmese family which had moderate livelihood for survival. At that time, Burma was ruled by British until after the Second World War. Job advancements and opportunities were only available to people who knew English.

Sayagyi U Ba Khin was a gifted student who had a capacity to memorize his lessons to heart, and could remember English grammar book from cover to cover. Due to dire circumstances, he had o abandon his studies and look for a livelihood. During his tenure as clerk he encountered his teacher and from him took the lessons of Vipassana to spread for the benefit of humanity.

Revered Guruji SN Goenka was taught Vipassana, the theory and practical aspects of Dhamma by Sayagyi U Ba Khin. He continued to teach Vipassana to the students from every part of the world till his demise. He helped create Vipassana centers and courses throughout the world to propagate the seeds of Vipassana through his “Metta”(Loving Kindness).

Vipassana Technique and Method of Meditating

What Vipassana is not


Vipassana is just not another ritual, custom or a religion. It challenges our mind to reason and certainly is beyond any delusion if properly understood. Its core is very much scientific, the foundation is spirituality and there is no scope of any blind faith and devotion. It is also important to understand that it is not meant for any intellectual debates and entertainment, it is a way and philosophy to discover yourself. The technique is very authentic, genuine and very practical with no display of egos and no scope of endless philosophical preachings.


To a person who has some exposure in science, cause and effect theory, the principles can be understood very lucidly and logically. But if there are layers and layers of dogmas, beliefs and perceptions that act like barriers, it becomes difficult to absorb the depth of the preachings and the essence of Vipassana technique. Vipassana meditation is very unique and differs from other methods. It is an operation of mind where all deeply rooted defilements are erased by an operation of a sharp focused mind.


Vipassana meditation treat is not a cure or a remedy of chronic ailments although most of the illnesses that are psychomatic in nature do get eradicated. It is also not a place of rejuvenating and holidaying. One has to take vows to work hard and diligently to erase deeply rooted “Sankharas”. It does not teach us to run away from responsibilities and difficulties in our life. On the contrary, it teaches us to handle the situation better and take on the challenges of life. Vipassana is an art of living.


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Do you think meditation is tough?

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DerdriuMarriner on 01/11/2023

Meditation is tough in the beginning because of focusing even as it is clearly a belief and a practice that are good and interesting for its believer and its practitioner.

In particular, I like to begin and end each day with vipassana meditation.

MBC on 11/25/2014

I practice daily.

What is Sankhara?


It is easier to understand “Sankhara” with reference to Karmas and the fruit of our actions. It can be explained clearly from perspective of cause-effect theory.


Every action has a reaction. All our actions result in sankharas. If we perform good deeds, we create good sankharas and if we perform sins we create a stack of bad/evil sankharas. All our lives we keep adding to our stack of sankharas. When the time is ripe, these sankharas come out with a force. For our evil actions, we get circumstances that we call misfortunes and for our good deeds we get positive outcomes or fortunes.


Since our habits and patterns are always in action and reaction mode, we are forever adding to our heap of miseries. If by any luck, we can learn to uproot our stock of old sankharas either good or bad, we can definitely find a way to eradicate our miseries.


Unless you stop creating new sankharas, you do not give a chance for old ones to come out. In Vipassana meditation you stop the chain of action-reaction, giving the old sankharas the opportunity to come out. By observing them equanimously you weaken their power and learn to let them go.


Another analogy to understand sankhara is to take the example of our body. We nourish our body with food and water. If we stop all nourishment, does our body die?


If we stop giving food, it might live for few days, if we stop water, perhaps for few more hours. It starts using our old storage of fat and energy. Till it is used up we are alive. Same analogy holds good for our old sankharas. It cannot come out until we stop generating new sankharas. 

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Ever heard about Vipassana?

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DerdriuMarriner on 01/11/2023

The ninth and the tenth sentences under the subheading Vipassana Course As Taught by Revered Guruji SN Goenka identify Myanmar as the place of pure Vipassana.

Would Myanmar have influenced all other Vipassana places or would, for example, Sri Lanka Vipassana meditation be according to another evolution, another manifestation, another tradition?

WriterArtist on 05/31/2021

Hi MBC - All paths lead to one. Buddha said there is only one path ultimately which when followed leads to enlightenment.

MBC on 11/25/2014

Yes, there are also many other teachers and paths. They say there are 84,000 paths to Buddhahood. Nice tribute to your teacher.

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