Any student gazing in half-panicked dismay at their essay title may be forgiven for wondering whether these were just thrown together at random.
Their teacher or lecturer had to provide some sort of prompt, just so they had something to mark later on. This is how we get grades after all.
No. In fact your tutor could well have spent as long agonizing over how to phrase the question, as the student will in answering it. Essay questions are very precisely worded, in order to solicit a very precise response. This is the reality of how you get your grade.
One of the most common errors is to skim-read the question to glean the general subject, then write about everything you know about it. The law of averages states that something in that jumble might actually address what's being sought, but not the rest of it. Marks are being lost right there.
For example, say that the class has read five books in English Literature. The assignment is to pick an essay title from five on offer, each pertaining to one of those novels. Our student actually paid attention while reading Wuthering Heights, so selects the option: 'Explain how Emily Bronte uses the character of Edgar Linton to contrast with that of Heathcliff.'
The temptation would be to regurgitate all that has been learned in class about the novel, perhaps with a long diversion into Emily Bronte, her life and times, and the genre of Gothic fiction unto the present day. This is too much. Not only does it not answer the question, but it would take forever to write and go far over the word count. In that direction lies panic and despair.
First Tip: Read precisely what the question is asking. Ignore anything not in the remit of the question.