Comments about my photos encouraged me to post some more of my recent pre-winter trip.
Many parts of North West England are similar to Scandinavia so it is little wonder that there are many old Norse settlements and words appearing in place names .
On my trip to Cumbria for my Autumn break this week, I visited a small Force, Aira Force. Force being the anglicised spelling of Fors. Force and Spout are local words for waterfalls with a spout being a cascade waterfall where the water runs down stone like steps to the river below.
Aira Force is in the English Lake District near Ullswater and the village of Watermillock. Both names have Norse origins too. The stream which gushes over the fall is called Aira Beck. Beck is another Norse word meaning stream that is also used a lot in the North of England. The waterfall and beck flow into Ullswater, the nearby lake. This name is certainly of Norse origin but the exact etymology is uncertain. Some say it is named after a local chief Ulf or wolf's wasser , which became Ullswater.