Types of Australian timbers used in custom furniture

by jezhug

Australia has some of most fantastic hardwoods for designing custom furniture. It is no wonder why Australia exports so much timber overseas for furniture.

The character of the hardwoods in Australia is why they are so popular internationally. Not all of them are the same. Here are the main timbers that are popular in the construction of custom furniture.

Red Gum

Red Gum is a hardwood that has distinct deep, lustrous red wine hues with inter-twined grains. It is amongst the strongest timber in the world.

It is extremely popular hardwood timber in Australia and around the world. It is a very low maintenance timber - best left to show it's natural grain, no color staining required.

The Australian Red Gum Tree has a natural resistant to termites and is quite common to Australia, meaning it is quite easy to source. It is common to find Red Gum trees well over 100 years old which adds to the characteristics of the wood.



Jarrah features a rich deep red to red-brown tone coloration, which is found only in this Australian hardwood timber.

Jurrah is well known for it's exceptional character and when placed in the hands of a experienced craftsman. Australian Jarrah timber is grown in the far south west corner of Western Australia and is limited in supply, making it one of the more expensive of Australian timbers.

Victorian Ash
Victorian Ash

Victorian Ash

Victorian Ash has a straight grain characteristic and very little or no gum veins. This hardwood's color ranges from pale pinks to red browns and pale straw.

Victorian Ash is sometimes referred to as Mountain Ash or Alpine Ash and even Tasmanian Oak - depending which Australian State you are in!

Victorian Ash Hardwood is the world’s tallest flowering plant. It is one of the most common timbers used for Victorian furniture manufacturers along with Red Gum.



Messmate has natural characteristics not found in other timbers. The natural color palette of brown to light-brown hues, with gum veins.

Messmate timber furniture is normally stained a darker color to suit.

The variety of grain & texture make it perfect for large families as it is quite resilient to being damaged. The Australian Messmate tree is grown widely across southern part of Australia, from South Australia, Southern Victoria, Tasmania & Eastern New South Wales.


Marri has a unique signature in that it has strong deep dark gum lines. Because of it's rarity scarcity is is not often seen in the manufacture of furniture, however it is a beautiful hardwood which can produce a very special piece of furniture.

Marri Hardwood is often found in Western Australia amongst Jurrah trees.

Updated: 10/14/2012, jezhug
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