The Final Step? - That of being acknowledged and revered as a god-king - was the most important step because his future decisions to continue the expansion of his empire would go (or rather should have gone) unchallenged. His subjects or servants would simply obey the great god-king and yield to his ambitious goals, desires and wishes.
Only ... that did not happen!
*This is what happened.
After crushing Greek rebellions and declaring himself to be master of Greece, he traveled through and conquered most of Asia Minor, on his way to Syria and Egypt. Following those conquests he set out for Mesopotamia and Persia. When all of those areas had been conquered he pushed on and overran the Punjab, determined to conquer all the lands with the aim of dominating India.
As was mentioned earlier, he engaged in a violent battle, at the river Hydaspes in July 326 BC, against the forces of Porus, an Indian leader. But the Indians were defeated.
After this battle, according to one historical account:
"Alexander's next goal was to reach the Ganges River, which was actually 250 miles away, because he thought that it flowed into the outer Ocean. His troops, however, had heard tales of the powerful Indian tribes that lived on the Ganges and remembered the difficulty of the battle with Porus, so they refused to go any farther east. Alexander was extremely disappointed, but he accepted their decision ... During this trip, Alexander sought out the Indian philosophers, the Brahmins, who were famous for their wisdom, and debated them on philosophical issues. He became legendary for centuries in India for being both a wise philosopher and a fearless conqueror." (3)
**So that's what happened.
When Alexander and his army reached the mouth of the Indus River, before he could cross into India, his army got fed up with him and refused to advance any further.
Can you imagine? Rebelling against a god-king? Challenging his authority? REFUSING TO FIGHT FOR HIM?
One would think the penalty or punishment for daring not to submit to the commandments of a god-king would be brutal. Nope! Alexander actually argued with his men for 3 days and then he turned back. He reluctantly turned back. But he did turn back.
Some god-king, eh? Why didn't he zap a few lightning bolts on a few of them and put the other ones in check? The reason why (I think), in his own words: "Sex and sleep alone make me conscious that I am mortal."
- Per HELPGUIDE.org, "Burnout is a psychological term for the experience of long-term exhaustion and diminished interest." Why did Alexander concede and submit to the (reasonable) demands of his army? Alexander had burnout. That's my non-medical conclusive diagnosis.
His army turned back and Alexander withdrew to Babylon where one night he fell ill. He suffered horribly for about eleven days and then on the 10th of June, 332 BC, he breathed his last breath. Some sources say he died of malaria or a fever, while others state that the cause of his illness was unknown.
I say you can't have a god-king die from a common disease or illness. His death has to be a mystery, unless it's an obvious assassination/murder, like his father.
On his deathbed when asked who would be his successor, it is reported that his response was: "The kingdom shall go to the strongest."
So several years following the death of Alexander the Great, you know who else had to go? That's right. His wife, the beloved Roxana, and his son, young Alexander, were poisoned.
His general fought over his empire until 301 BC, when finally three generals (Honored as guess what? God-kings.) divided it into three kingdoms. Antigonus I took Macedonia and Greece. Ptolemy I ruled over the kingdom of Egypt. Anatolia, Syria and Parthia along with the rest of the Alexander's empire in Asia were ruled by Seleucus I.
The course of history continues, but this HUB stops here because it's about Alexander the Great and not about what happened after he died, especially considering the fact that his bloodline was snuffed out when they killed his only son.
So the remaining commentary will be devoted to the legacy of Alexander the Great, i.e. what civilization inherited upon his untimely demise.