Unemployed in Australia qualify for the dole after 6 weeks of unemployment. Currently, depending on circumstances it is about $200 per week. With an allowance for rent which can be up to $50 per week extra.
Average Australian rents for a cheap 1 bedroom apartment are about $200 a week. With utilities adding another $50 per week to the bill.
Food, clothing and travel expense on top of that means that the dole doesn't pay. Unless you are a nudist who walks everywhere and doesn't eat.
What this means is that unemployed have to form communities, usually the core of that is shared housing. Sharing a three bedroom house for example.
Outside this community there is a group of people who can be stirred to outrage over unemployed people living lives of luxury. Usually stereotyped as a surfing drug culture, idling their lives away while the honest battler pays for them.
It's an Us vs. Them tactic. Politicians know that by finding a common enemy people bind together more tightly.
It's this narrow and selfish thinking that causes projects like Work for the Dole to spring up.
Get those lazy dole bludgers working!
But life is never that simple.