What is UNESCO

by Michey

UNESCO is an agency under United Nations with a large spectrum of activities. My goal in this article is to give an example I know of World Heritage Sites and spread the word.

Introduction - Definition

Unesco listIt is an acronym of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

Just from the title you notices that UNESCO has many faces, and purposes.

It is an international effort on educating through science, culture and is functioning as a specialized agency under United Nations.

Just a short list of UNESCO programs

  • Education 
  • Natural sciences 
  • Social and human sciences 
  • Culture 
  • Communication and information

Just a short list of projects sponsored by UNESCO:

  • Literacy
  • Technical, and teacher-training programs
  • International science programs
  • Promotion of independent media and freedom of the press
  • Regional and cultural history projects
  • Cultural diversity promotion  
  • International cooperation agreements to secure the world cultural and natural heritage 
  • Preserve human rights and so on  

Note 1 : The above 2 lists are created from Wikipedia information.

So I give you those two lists just to make a point that it is hard to give the perfect definition as UNESCO embraces at global level so many purposes and so many broad subjects.

I take just one example I am familiar with, to explain its purpose and value, I make as intuitive as I can, and comment on it.

Note 2: By the way, If you want to know which UNESCO sites exist in your country, this is the link to look it over, click first on UNESCO World Heritage Site then click on Lists of World Heritage Sites you are interested in.

Note 3: Do you Wizzle? If you don't, I encorage you to try it, let's do it togheder. 

World Heritage Sites in Romania

"World Heritage Site" is a program which creates a list of sites of outstanding cultural or natural value of heritage.

A huge effort was done to catalogue those places with the porpose in mind to conserve them for humanity.

We always know that if a site is declared a "UNESCO World Heritage Site" it really is a place of special cultural significance. 

A lot of countries have "World Heritage Sites"  but I take an example I know because it is part of my own heritage.

I present to you 7 Romanian UNESCO sites:

  1. Danube Delta 
  2. Churches of Moldavia 
  3. Monastery of Horezu 
  4. Villages with fortified churches in Transylvania 
  5. Dacian Fortresses of the Orastie Mountains 
  6. Historic Centre of Sighisoara 
  7. Wooden Churches of Maramures 

1. Danube Delta

Danube DeltaThe waters of the Danube, which flow into the Black Sea, form the best preserved of Europe's deltas. The Danube Delta is the second largest river delta in Europe, after the Volga’s Delta.
The approximate surface is 4152 km², of which 3446 km² are in Romania, the rest are in Ukraine.

The Danube Delta is mostly covered by wetlands and water marshes, channels, streamlets and lakes. It has 3 branches: Chilia, Sulina, and Saint George.  
At the mouths of each channel we can see that a gradual formation of new land takes place, so the delta continues to expand and the figures I give are really an approximation as I have stated above.

The Danube Delta has an east European steppe ecosystem, with Mediterranean influences.
PelicansIt represents a great place for the development of highly diverse flora and fauna, unique in Europe, containing numerous rare species.

The Danube delta hosts over 300 species of birds as well as 45 fresh water fish species in its numerous lakes and marshes.


Danube DeltaIt also has a unique combination of:

  • ecosystems of running water (Danube arms, as well as  streamlets and channels)
  • ecosystem of stagnant water (lakes, ponds)
  • ecosystems of marshy and flooding areas, and 
  • River banks and levees ecosystems which are the firm land of the delta.

Enjoy the pictures.

Danube Delta has been World Heritage Site  since 1991.


2. Churches of Moldavia

The painted churches of northern Moldavia are Romanian Orthodox churches in Suceava County, Romania in northern Moldavia. 

The paintind is outdor and indor and it is a miracle how outdor paintings are stil visible and an a decent condition.

This is the list, all of them are since 1993 architectural monuments part of UNESCO’s World Cultural Heritage patrimony. 


  1. Built in1503, Church of the Beheading of St. John the Baptist, village Arbore
  2. Built in1530, Humor Monastery, village Humor
  3. Built in1532, Moldoviţa Monastery, village Moldovita
  4. Built in1487, Church of the Holy Rood,  village Pătrăuţi
  5. Built in1531, Probota Monastery, village Probota
  6. Built in1522, Church of St. George, village Suciava
  7. Built in1487, Voroneţ Monastery, village Voronet
  8. Built in1583, Suceviţa Monastery, village Sucevita

The best reference is to look over my Squidoo lens, where you will see a good part of them:



3. Monastery of Horezu

HorezuThe Monastery of Horezu Horezu is the most important monastic site of Wallachia Romania. It was founded in 1690 by Prince Constantin Brâncoveanu in the town of Horezu, Romania.

It is considered to be a masterpiece of "Brâncovenesc style" also called "Brâncovenesc  Art". This is the only true and original Romanian style, known for its architectural purity and balance, the elegance of its carved decorations, and its painted decoration elements.


This is the front entrance of the Monastery, the Brâncovenesc palace and many houses was build on the same style but not all of them survive the passing time.


4. Villages with fortified churches in Transylvania

HeritageIf you grow up with Dracula Stories you will enjoy this module.

Starting on 13th century Transylvanian villages were often organised around a fortified church as being situated in a region under threatening of  the Ottoman and Tatar invasions.

It is amasing that from 300 fortreces, 150 still exist in decent condition, well preserved, they was built from the 13th to 16th centuries.

Unescu siteSeven of them are part of UNESCO World Heritage Site: 

  1. Biertan
  2. Câlnic
  3. Dârjiu
  4. Prejmer
  5. Saschiz
  6. Valea Viilor
  7. Viscri

To find out more info about those fortreses, pleast look at

Romanian Heritage - Middle Age

Enjoy the Middle age values.

Romanian Heritage

5. Dacian Fortresses of the Orastie Mountains

As protection against Roman conquest, that formed the defensive system of Decebal, the six Dacian Fortresses of the Orăștie Mountains, in Romania, were created in the 1st centuries BC and AD.

DacianfortressSo not much is left, but how much still exists is precious and they are declared UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999:

  • Sarmizegetusa Regia - was the capital and the an important military, religious and political center of Dacians
  • Costeşti-Cetăţuie 
  • Costeşti-Blidaru
  • Piatra Roşie
  • Băniţa 
  • Căpâlna


6. Historic Centre of Sighisoara Town

sighisoaraOne of my favorit old town in Transilvania, Sighisoara Citadel is an historic center of the Sighisoara town, built in the 12th century.

It is an medieval citadel that, in 1999, was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its 850-year contribution to the history and culture of the Transylvanian.

7. Wooden Churches of Maramureş

Maramureş is one of the better-known region of Romania for its well-preserved wooden villages and churches... it is a living museum. 

The wooden churches of the region that still exist were built starting in the 17th century to 19th century.

Wood ChurchEight of wooden Churches were listed by the UNESCO as World Heritage Sites in 1999,

These are:

  1. Bârsana
  2. Budeşti
  3. Deseşti
  4. LIeud
  5. Plopiş
  6. Poienile Izei
  7. Rogoz
  8. Şurdeşti.

The most characteristic features are the tall tower above the entrance and the massive roof, it was created so tall on purpose - to be visible from entire village.

In Maramureş today Romania still has around 100 wooden churches which still stand, this is about one third of their total which exists two centuries ago. I visited them and I was impresed how better preserved they are.

A Complete List of my Heritage Posts

Middle Age Fortresses
Middle Age fortresses in old towns in Romania , a part of them are declared by UNESCO, World Heritage Sites.

Romanian Monasteries and Churches
Romanian Monasteries and Churches built in 15Th - 16Th centuries which still have outside original paintings in a good condition.

Cantacuzino Castle
The Cantacuzino Castle of Busteni built by Prince Gheorghe Grigore Cantacuzino. He was a Conservative Romanian politician who twice served as the Prime Minister of Romania

Romanian UNESCO Sites
It is an international effort on educating through science, culture and is functioning as a specialized agency under United Nations.

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Updated: 06/17/2011, Michey
Thank you! Would you like to post a comment now?

I love Heritage, do you?

fanfreluche on 06/22/2013

my mom in law lives right on an UNESCO site. It's the city of Combleux in France, located on the Loire river.

Michey on 06/17/2011

Thanks, UNESCO is an organization founded with great concepts... I think it is a matter of how many resources they have, but so far I think they made a difference.
Thanks for reading my article

ohcaroline on 06/17/2011

Thank you for explaining UNESCO. I keep seeing references to it online; but I never fully understood what it was. Your article is very interesting.

WebWriter on 06/05/2011

Thanks for sharing your beautiful photos.

Michey on 05/30/2011

Thanks, they are beautiful and miraculously well maintained. The painted Churches was built in 15th, 16th century, and the exterior paintings are still there, but not all of them. The unsolved problem is the secret painting, also called "Voronet blue", which resist time. Nobody was able to reproduce that paint formula, not even the Romaniens, the secret died with the painter.
Thanks for stopping by.

flipflopnana on 05/30/2011

These are all amazing sites. I would love to be able to visit them all. Thanks for sharing them!

Michey on 05/29/2011

You are welcome Rich. The sides are in Moldovia and Transilvania, so depends what you visited.
Thank you for stopping by.

SquidRich on 05/29/2011

I visited Romania back in the 1970s, but travelling around was somewhat difficult then. I didn't get to see these beautiful, historical sites, so thank you for bringing them to us here :)

Michey on 05/28/2011

You are welcome Diane, I am glad you like it.
Have a great weekend.

Dianne on 05/28/2011

The painted churches are very beautiful. All of it is! Thanks for sharing them with us Michey.

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